Bone injuries and diseases (Osteoporosis-a medical condition in which the…
Bone injuries and diseases
hairline fracture-A tiny crack in a bone caused by repetitive stress or force, often from overuse.
Single fracture- in which your bone is broken in one place into two pieces. comminuted fracture, in which your bone is broken or crushed into three or more pieces. compression fracture, in which your bone collapses under pressure.
Greenstick fracture- is a fracture in a young, soft bone in which the bone bends and breaks. Greenstick fractures usually occur most often during infancy and childhood when bones are soft. The name is by analogy with green, wood which similarly breaks on the outside when bent.
Osteoporosis-a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D.
Scoliosis- A sideways curvature of the spine.
Exercise does not seem to prevent scoliosis from getting worse, but strong back muscles can help reduce the achy pain often associated with scoliosis.
A simple way to assess for a curved spine is to bend forward at the waist, hands hanging to the floor, and have someone look at your shoulder blades.
Often, no treatment is necessary. Sometimes a brace or surgery is needed.
Most cases are mild with few symptoms. Some children develop spine deformities that get more severe as they grow. Severe scoliosis can be painful and disabling.*
Bone cancer- A mass of unusual cells growing in a bone. Most bone tumors aren't cancerous.
Don't use tobacco. Using any type of tobacco puts you on a collision course with cancer.
Eat a healthy diet.
A bone tumor may cause a painless mass. Some people have dull, aching pain. And in some cases, minor injury causes a fracture near the tumor.
Treatments include surgery and radiation. Some noncancerous tumors go away without treatment.
Arthritis- Inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness that can worsen with Arthritis.
Medications, physical therapy, or sometimes surgery helps reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.
Symptoms include pain, swelling, reduced range of motion, and stiffness.
Control Your Weight.
Protect Your Joints. Have a Drink.
See Your Doctor.
Leukemia- A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body's ability to fight infection.
Treatment is highly variable. For slow-growing leukemias, treatment may include monitoring. For aggressive leukemias, treatment includes chemotherapy that's sometimes followed by radiation and stem-cell transplant.
There is no known way to prevent most types of leukemia. Some types of leukemia may be prevented by avoiding high doses of radiation, exposure to the chemical benzene, smoking and other tobacco use, or certain types of chemotherapy used to treat other types of cancer.
Many patients with slow-growing types of leukemias don't have symptoms. Rapidly growing types of leukemia may cause symptoms that include fatigue, weight loss, frequent infections, and easy bleeding or bruising.