What is Critical Thinking? (Tips for Critical Thinking: (Top Three…
What is Critical Thinking?
Definition: the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment
Tips for Critical Thinking:
Top Three Intellectual Behaviors
Analysis: refers to the process of examining the parts of a whole, the causes and results of events, and the differences between phenomena.
Evaluation: involves expressing opinions about the work of other people or expressing a justification for choices or ideas
Creating: is the process of joining or combining information and ideas from different sources to create something new.
Questions to ask yourself
What do I already know about this subject?
What do I want to learn about this subject?
What assumptions, attitudes, values or beliefs do I have that may influence my thinking?
Being Critical is Good
Where do these ideas come from?
Does your experience or current knowledge support these ideas?
Is the information the same or different from claims made by others?
What criteria can I use to test or verify this information?
Read Strategically: Look at the title, abstract, summary, introduction, and conclusion of your readings to decide whether you need to read all of the text, only some of it, or whether you can skip it altogether.
Make notes as you read:
using your own words. Always note the source of the text: by whom, where and when it was published. Write down any questions you have, or possible problems with the writer's ideas.
Work with classmates to discuss ideas:
You should always write your own assignments, but you can improve your understanding by discussing ideas and information with your peers and your tutors.
Find your voice:
Express your ideas and do not be afraid to take risks. The best assignments show original thought, even if your ideas differ from the marker's ideas. Remember to support your views with valid reasons and solid evidence.
Be Reasonable to other people's ideas:
Realize That You are Being Close-Minded If You
a. are unwilling to listen to someone’s reasons
b. are irritated by the reasons people give you
c. become defensive during a discussion