Soteriology//Charli Abendroth (The Salvation Diamond (First facet:…
The Salvation Diamond
Second Facet: Adoption
Definition of “adoption”: the act of God where he places believers into his family.
Benefits of being adopted by God
As his children,we are in a community with many other siblings.
As his children, God disciplines and train us; we are not abandoned. [Hebrews 12:4-12]
God disciplines/trains his legitimate children. [Hebrews 12:8]
God’s discipline/training is for our good. [Hebrews 12:10]
The concept of “discipline” is closely related to the concept of “training”.
Our parents do the best they can and we respect them
God actually disciplines us for what is truly our good.
As his children we have unhindered access to God.
Never let your sin prevent you from talking to the Lord!
We are always able to call upon him for help. [Hebrews 4:14-16]
When discipline is received, Gods children grow in holiness. [Hebrews 12:10]
As believers we are considered his children and call him “Father” (“Abba”). [Romans 8:14-17]
Gods children are to endure hardships as God’s training/discipline.[Hebrews 12:7]
Third facet: redemption
The scripture speaks of people being slaves of sin and of the devil.
Even as believers we can live in captivity to sin/ slaves to sin. [Romans 6:6, 11-14]
The scripture portrays people who sin as slaves to sin. [John 8:34]
Believers are said to be free from the authority of sin (i.i., “dead to sin”).
Thus, our redemption means that sin, while still present in us, is not our master: we have a choice whether to walk in the flesh or the Spirit.
The definition of “Redemption”: to purchase sinners out of the slave market of sin.
Slavery in the ancient world was very common.
A person could become a slave by being born a slave, a captive in war, self-sale into slavery.
The classic OT illustration of redemption is Israel crossing the Red Sea after Moses leads them out of slavery in Egypt
One day our bodies will be redeemed: freed form the presence of sin (romans 8:23
First facet: Justification
We leave the court room justified (declared legally righteous).
We are not innocent
We are not made righteous
We are pronounced righteous
Justification is available to all who believe (Romans 3:22).
The judge considers the offer and punishes Jesus while giving us the righteous standing which Jesus had
Justification is a free gift from God (Romans 3:24).
Illustration: the courtroom
God is the judge
The prosecuting attorney is Gods law
The defendant is us the human
The defense attorney is Jesus
Our defense attorney steps in but he doesn't attempt defend us, instead he agrees that we are guilty.
He offers to take punishment we deserve upon himself.
The prosecuting attorney reads out the transgressions we have committed.
The right standing he has with court he asks to be given to us
justification is by grace (Romans 3:24).
There is no “small print”.
There is no boasting because it was undeserved.
The word “justification” means to be declared righteous.
Justified by faith and not by law (Romans 3:28).
Our good works (either before or after believing) cannot earn our justification.
Only our faith (belief) in Jesus’ death for our sins justifies us
The Key passages are Romans 3:21-31 and Galations 2:15-3:14.
Results of Justification:
Jesus has taken our condemnation, and we are legally righteous before God.We have bold access to God’s grace (Romans 5:1-2).
This should create humility before God and before others.
Fourth facet: Sanctification
Sanctification is viewed from three different phases:
Present – we are viewed as in process of being sanctified.
1 Thessalonians 5:23 – “May God himself the God of peace, sanctify you through and through…”
Future – we hope for a future completed sanctification.
1 John 3:2 – “Dear friends, now we are children of God, and what we will be has not yet been made known. But we know that when he appears, we sFourth hall be like him, for we shall see him as he is.”
Past – we are viewed as sanctified.
1 Corinthians 1:2 – “To the church of God in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus and called to be holy…”
There are two aspects of our sanctification.
Our identification with Jesus – we are in the “in Christ” club.
Jesus’ dwelling in us through the Holy Spirit
Both are found in Jesus’ “High Priestly” prayer in John 17:20-23.
Jesus is “in” the Father, and the Father is “in” Jesus.
Jesus prays that we might have the same relationship: Christ “in” us, and we “in” Christ.
The definition of “sanctification”: a process where we work with God to live according to the Spirit and to have our behavior become more Christ-like.
The idea is to be set apart from sin and set apart to God.
The Bible Project “Holiness”
Sanctification comes from a Greek word meaning “to be holy or set apart.”
The Salvation Diamond
Just like a diamond has many faces so a persons salvation has many aspects to describe it.
The NT uses several different terms to describe different aspects of out salvation
Words to discuss
Union with Christ
What must i do to be saved?
Scripture tells us one condition: exercise faith, but what is faith?
The definition of faith demands an object.
to believe, trust, rely on what or whom?
Faith that is valuable before God is faith in the person of God and his Word, i.e., truth.
Faith that is worthless or invaluable has as its object something other than God or his word.
Faith is a simple, human response
It is used almost 100x in just the Gospel of John in relation to salvation.
Faith involves human will (we have to make a choice).
The Greek verb is pisteuo - to believe, to trust, to rely on.
Illustrations of faith.
Sitting in a chair
Asking for someone to move a desk for you
“Accepted Jesus as my savior.”
“Giving it all to Jesus.”
“Prayed the prayer.”
“Let Jesus into your heart.”
“Lay your burdens at the foot of the cross.”
What faith is not.
Faith is not an emotion.
An emotional response can happen at the same time that we trust in God.
We should not confuse the emotion with our faith.
Faith is not a “work,” (i.e., it is non-meritorious).
Illus: a bank withdraw slip
Although exercising our faith in Jesus is “good” it is not a good work.
Roman 4:5 - Faith is not a work.
Faith is not something supernatural given to us by God.
The object of people’s faith is what is the problem (it is not Jesus’ work)
Everyone uses their faith every day.
What is the gospel?
Why is it important
An incorrect Gospel will give people a false hope of salvation.
A correct understanding of the Gospel is a crucial foundation for our walk with the Lord [Colossians 2:6]
Teaching the wrong Gospel has terrible consequences [Galatians 1:6-9]
It is important to distinguish two important aspects: the Gospel and foundational information
The Gospel message (1 Corinthians 15:1-7)
Jesus arose from the dead 3 days later (v. 4)
He appeared to over 500 eyewitnesses (v. 5-8)
Jesus was buried (v. 4)
The Gospel message is about a person - Jesus.
Jesus Christ diedfor our sins (v. 3)
This information is needed to understand the Gospel.
or example, what sin is.
or example, that Jesus is divine and human.
This information is not technically part of the Gospel, but is needed to make sense of it.
What does scripture say?
You are sealed by the Holy Spirit “in Christ”
The symbol of the “seal” most likely refers to God’s preservation and ownership
Ephesians 1:13, 14 - the Holy Spirit is the seal of our salvation
We are secure because we are kept by Jesus
John 6:37-40 - Jesus promises to lose none of the ones who are his
Romans 8:31-39 - nothing can separate believers from the love God
Neither the past nor the future
Neither angels nor powers
Why is sin not mentioned in Paul’s list? Because Jesus has already taken care of that
If you believe in Jesus’ work, then you have eternal life
John 6:47 - He who believes has eternal life
John 5:24 - Those who believe have passed from death to life
Unbiblical ways to evaluate our eternal security
Our emotions: “i don’t feel saved”
Our good works: “I’m not doing enough good works to be really be saved”
Examining our good works or lack thereof is to look at the wrong person for salvation: us not Jesus
Our good works are not a condition to being saved
What kind of actions do we think might remove our salvation?
Claiming to not believe in God
Denying that Jesus is God or that he died for your sins (i.e, apostasy)
Certain terrible sins