How can you evaluate the impact that the Atlantic Slave Trade had on the…
How can you evaluate the impact that the Atlantic Slave Trade had on the world?
It is important to remember that 80% of slaves were sent to Brazil or the Caribbean whereas only 10% came here to America, but that small percentage led to many other events in U.S. American history. What events can you think of?
Slavery increased when the need for agricultural labor increased. The demand for sugar sky rocketed in the 17th century, so to keep up with the industry, slaves were deemed a necessity to the Americans.
This is the reason as to why Africans were known for working on sugar plantations. Africans became dependent on African slave trade.
Because so many Africans were being captured as slaves, it took a toll on the demographics. West Africa's population declined so much, slave traders were forced to move to the interior of the country to purchase slaves.
After a while, there was an over abundance of slaves. Initially, they were brought to work on the sugar plantations. When countries realized that there were too many slaves, they became involved in every aspect of the economy.
Several different industries, besides the sugar plantations, rose because of this.
So why wouldn't the Europeans capture the Indians that were already there? The Indians quickly fell victim to the diseases that the Europeans brought with them across the ocean. Africans were already immune to these diseases.
By the 18th century, more than half of the household in Brazil owned slaves, however many that was.
Most of the labor needs for the different industries that came about were taken care of by the abundance of African slaves.
“Without Angola no slaves, without slaves no sugar, without sugar no Brazil” was a common expression during the 17th century.
Brazil received over 4,000,000 slaves from 1530-1888. That is three times more than any other country in the Americas during this time. As you can imagine, there is still a lasting impact on the culture of Brazil today.
"The lingering effects of the slave trade—and the institution of slavery—can be seen every day in Brazilian cuisine, religion, music, and dance. It can be seen in the people, in a black and brown population that is larger than the population of every African country except for Nigeria."
Haiti was a country that was dying at this time. When African slaves were brought in by the French, they quickly flourished with the production of sugar. Haiti became the richest of France's colonies.
Another thing to keep in mind is that money was hardly traded on the Triangular Trade Route. Why? Because slaves were traded for sugar or textiles rather than money.
Later during the slave trade period, there were more slave than free people in Haiti. If there were more slaves than free people, why didn't the slaves revolt?
For over a century, the French had a system that didn't allow for a revolt to occur. Eventually, when slaves realized they were more prosperous, 10:1, they did organize a revolt in something called the Haitian Revolution. This led to 13 years of war which devastated the once prosperous land.
Some justified slavery on the grounds of being the superior race whereas some supported slavery strictly for the labor that was needed.
"Whether in large numbers or relatively small, African slaves drove the economies of the New World colonies."
"Looking at the relationship between GDP per capita today and participation in the slave trade centuries ago, Nunn (2008) finds that the slave trade had a negative long-term effect on economic performance. The main contributing factor to a country’s economy is its working class or labor force. Africa was losing approximately 12-15 million West-Africans. Africa was losing it most valuable resource."
"The combined effects of permanent warfare, plundering, and natural disasters generated frequent shortages of food which resulted in severe famine and epidemics."