settlement is a place where people live. (settlement (shops (comparison…
settlement is a place where people live.
rural settlement the settlement patterns is the shape that a settlement forms on the map
type of settlement
isolate dwellings and small hamlets.
this type of settlement develop where agricolture land is poor and people need to farm large areas.
are in long thin rows along roads or river for water supply
dwellings has access to a road fro transport
village and fewer isolate dwellings
people have easy access to the services and farmers can live near their fields.
is very important for drinking, washing and crop irrigation, so the firsts settlement were established next to a river. sites with reliable water supplies are called wet point sites.
drainage and floods
Flood plains are very fertile, but is they flood frequently they can't settle in. in tropic areas there are disease carried by insects such as malaria. higher points poorly drainage are called dry point sites.
ares with fertile soils are often densely populated above all the alluvion soil and solil develop an certain volcanic rocks. in areas like desert, the fertilite soil are so important to buil on, so settlements are built near the fields.
for settlement is very important to have contact with ones for services and sell and buy goods. it's possible above all in linear settlements.
is and important factor, it's well drained and easy to coltivate and easier to built on
is the direction in which a gradient faces. it is so important in the areas further away from the equator, so some slopes re warm where settlement are concentrated and some are cold.
the highest ares miht be very cold and the agricolture is difficul, the lowest ares are sometimes sparsely populated because of poor drainege, disease and dense vegetation.
nodal points are where two rivers meet. these point is the most accessible part of the place and there are built shops, social services and administration.
agricolture centre. some town and cities have grown because they were situated in a zone where agricolture i s favourite. here transport links have been built so these town and cities have developed into administrative centres.
mega cities are cities with more than 10 million peole. mega cities will confronte pollution problems through a united policy.
ports. important factors that promete the development of seaports
the precence of deep water, where ships can anchor to unload their cargoes
lays and river estuaries which protect from winds
a gap in the coral reef
the precence of hinterland and the entrepots
good transport links with the interland
a strategic position on world shipping routes.
counter urbanisation is the moviment of people from urban areas to rural areas because they desire the peace and the quiet of rural area. there the house costs less .
administrative town are where the governament and civil service are based , usually are the capitals of country. during the colonisation in 1800 the adminuistartice city is a seaport. when they became indipendent the capital where established inland to develop the local economy or to avoid favouring one group within the country.
the urbanisation is the growth of towns and cities . the largest area today is tokyo yokoama , it has above 35 million peole. urbanisation started over 200 years ago thanks to the industrial revolution because people left their jobs in agricolture and moved to cities to work in factories.
the spehere of influence is the area servid by a settlement. the sphere of influence of a village will be very small, but the shere of influence of a city will be very large
the threshold population is the minimum number of people nedd to provide a large enough demand for a services
settlement higher the hierarchy are called heigh order settlement, settlent lower the hierarchy are called low order settlement
the range is the maximum distance that people are prepared to travel to receive a particular service.
comparison shops people go there to compare price before buying things bought less frequently, like shoes.
convenience shops people go there every day to buy for examle milk, bread ...