Principles and practice of risk assessment (Definition of 'hazard'…
Principles and practice of risk assessment
Regulation 3 of the management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 requires employers to carry out risk assessments.
Where there are 5 or more employees, the significant findings must be in writing.
Definition of 'hazard'
Anything with the potential to cause harm. for e.g. defective electrical equipment
Reasons why hazards may not be obvious
Some hazards are invisible, e.g. gases, radiation
Inadequate information about hazard
Over-familiarity with the environment
Environmental factors, e.g. noise, poor lighting
Issues to consider when deciding which hazard to prioritise
Hazards that affect large groups of people
Hazards that affect vulnerable people
Hazards that have already caused accidents
Hazards that have led to enforcement action
Hazards that have led to civil claims
Hazards where there is a legal requirement to control
Definition of 'risk'
The likelihood that an unwanted event will occur and the possible severity in terms of injury or damage for e.g. the chance of tripping over a cable, falling and breaking your wrist.
5 steps to risk assessment
Identify the hazard
Decide who might be harmed and how
Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions
Record your significant findings
Review your assessment and update if necessary