Principles of Verbal Messages 5.1 (Meanings are denotative and connotative…
Principles of Verbal Messages 5.1
Message meanings are in people
Example: When somebody special says "I love you," you create certain meanings. If you then learn same person also said it to three other people you change the meanings you draw from those words.
Meanings are denotative and connotative
Denotative: refers to the meanings you'd find in a dictionary; the objective or descriptive aspect of a word's meaning.
Connotative: is the emotional meaning that specific speakers/listeners give to a word.
Messages can be onymous or anonymous
Onymous messages: the author of the message is clearly identified.
Anonymous messages: author is not identified.
Message meanings vary in abstraction
general concepts that can vary in interpretation
Message meanings vary in politeness
Directness is usually less polite and may infringe on a person's need to maintain negative face
Messages vary in immediacy
Immediacy: the creation of closeness, a sense of togetherness, of oneness, between speaker and listener.
Messages can deceive
Lying: refers to the act of sending messages with the intention of giving another persona information you believe to be false.
Liars hold back
Liars make less sense
Liars give a more negative impression
Liars are tense
Message meanings vary in assertiveness
Assertive messages: express your real thoughts even if they involve disagreeing or arguing with others.