Communicative language teaching ( Methods (Understanding occurs through…
Communicative language teaching
Understanding occurs through active student interaction in the foreign language
using authentic English texts
Students learn strategies for understanding
give to learners’ personal experiences and situations, which are considered as an invaluable contribution to the content of the lessons
Using the new language in unrehearsed contexts creates learning opportunities
1)The trend of progressivism in education provided further pressure for educators to change their methods.
2)This increased demand put pressure on educators to change their teaching methods.
An influential development in the history of communicative language teaching was the work of the Council of Europe in creating new language syllabi
The communicative approach is based on the idea that learning language successfully comes through having to communicate real meaning. When learners are involved in real communication, their natural strategies for language acquisition will be used, and this will allow them to learn to use the language.
**5 functional categories of CLT
personal (feelings, etc.)
interpersonal (social and working relationships)
referential (reporting about things, events, people or language itself)
directive (influencing others)
imaginative (creativity and artistic expression)
3 Ps’ teaching model
Role of the teacher
the teacher facilitates the communication in the classroom, and he also acts like
an adviser and a guide.
Role of the student
They are actively engage in trying to make themselves understood and in understanding others.
Theory of language
language is for communication and linguistic competence and the knowledge of forms and their meanings are part of the communicative competence
Theory of learning
Activities that involve real communication promote learning
Activities in which language is used for carrying out meaningful tasks promote learning
Language that is meaningful to the learner promotes learning.
social interaction activities
Modes of interaction
Students are given an opportunity to express their individuality by having them share their ideas and opinions on a regular basis.
Students will be more motivated by learning to communicate
Students will learn to communicate effectively.