Reese White Japanese American Internment Camps (IV. Hardships of Camp…
Japanese American Internment Camps
II. Historical Background
A: Pearl Harbor
a: The American Pacific fleet was seen as an obstacle to the Java oil fields. With this surprise attack the Japanese hoped to cripple the American Pacific fleet and leave it scrambling to get a counter attack together for months.
a: The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941 at 7:55 a.m.
a: 18 sunk or severely damaged ships, 170 destroyed aircraft, 3,700 casualties
C: Government Response
1: Executive Order 9066
a: Nearly 70,000 americans were affected by Executive Order 9066 signed February 9th, 1942. Over the next 6 months, around 122,000 people were moved to assembly centers.
1: "'If all the Japs were removed tomorrow, we'd never miss them... because the white farmers can take over and produce everything the Jap grows. And we don't want them back when the war ends, either.'"
A: Attention getter
1: "And all of the sudden they said you had to leave within three days. And it was a terrible shock to us. And they were, like taking away my brothers and sisters. And I just felt so bad and we were just, we had our arms around each other that last day of school and we were all crying. Because we didn't want them to go. It was not fair.
B; Thesis Statement
III. Relocation Process
B: Assembly Centers
a: To provide temporary housing for Japanese waiting to go to internment camps.
a: The largest populated Assembly center was Santa Anita. 18,719 people
a: The assembly centers were made of barracks and barracks weren't much more than just places to sleep. each room was equipped with army cots and a single light bulb.
C: Internment Camps
a: Colorado, Arizona, Wyoming, Arkansas, California, Idaho, and Utah.
1: 1st opened/ last closed
a: The First to open was Manzanar in California on March 21st, 1942. The last to close was Tule Lake in California which closed on March 20, 1946.
A: Frenzy of Moving
a: Government provided storage at the owners risk.
a: Separated from family and friends.
a: You could only bring essentials.
a: No pets allowed.
IV. Hardships of Camp Life
1: Little insulation.
2: Outside laundry, bathrooms, and showers.
3: Poorly built barracks
C: Inside the camp
1: Lots of dust.
2: Poorly built partition.
1: Disease spread quickly.
2: Lots of food poisoning
1: Temperature swings.
2: People failed to pack proper clothing
1: Disloyal people were reported.
2: Everyone forced to take a loyalty test.
1: 25 people lived in a space for 4
G: Family and Friends
1: Traditions ruined.
2: Families and friends separated
3: Young men sent overseas.
1: average wage of $12 a month
2: Given just $3.75 a month for clothes.