-Planning and Focusing Attention: Examples would be setting goals and timetables, underlining and highlighting, skimming, and looking for headings an topic sentences. -Organizing and Remembering: Making organizational charts, creating flowcharts, Venn diagrams, using mnemonics, and imagery. -Comprehension: Concept mapping, webs, summarizing, outlining, and note taking, creating examples, and explaining to a peer. -Cognitive Monitoring: Making predictions, self-questioning and self-testing, and identifying what doesn't make sense. -Practice: Using part practice, and using whole practice.
Applying Learning Strategies - Students learn strategies, but do not apply them when they could or should, this is known as production deficiencies.
Appropriate Tasks - Learning tasks must be appropriate and not complex, in order for students to learn and return the information by the use of mnemonics.
Value Learning - Students must care about learning and understanding. Goals should be set in order to be reached using effective strategies.
Effort and Efficacy - Students must believe the effort and investment required to apply the strategies are reasonable, given the likely return. Students must have self-efficacy for using the strategies to learn the material in question.