Lactobacillus acidophilus :smiley:i (Benefits (EFFA) (Modern fermented…
Contains 1,993,564 nucleotides
1864 open reading frame
Contains no complete prophages (extrachromosomal plasmid)
Contains no plasmid
DNA GC content was determined to be 34.71%
( Aqilah Tarmizi )
Each generation doubles , causes the population of colonies increase quickly
how does it occurs
binary fission is completed - 2 separate daughter cells produced
new cell walls are created
cytoplasm is divided
Bacterium doubles it contents ( DNA replication )
cell wall begins to pinch
daughter chromosomes moves to the opposites poles
They were 29 organism in this group; 15 strains named Lactobacillus acidphilus and L. bulgaricus, 11 isolated parts of the mammalian gut or form faeces and one from mouth.
Growth in 2% but not in 4% NaCl or bile salt.
Serological work have not yet been prepared for the L.acidophilus
No growth at 20 degree celcius or below, and no growth at 48 degree celcius and above. Grows well at 37 degree celcius.
Ferment the four sugars which is
amygdalin, cellobiose, salicin and sucrose
Order = Lactobacillales
Family = Lactobacillaceae
Genus = Lactobacillus
Species = L.Acidophilus
Part of kingdom Monera
Division = Firmicutes which can produce endospores
SIDE EFFECT (ADIQ)
Common side effect include
Use cautiously in people have stomach disorder
Use cautiously in people who have high fever
Use cautiously in people who have fixed orthodontic appliances, may causes tooth decay
Avoid if allergic or sensitive
Avoid if have an immune problem, it may causes disease
Also causes arthritis, skin reaction, stomach cramping, liver infection, stomach rumbling and discomfort
Gas or Bloating
What is gas or bloating?
its usually caused by swallowed air or the breakdown of food through digestion. when gas doesn't pass through belching or flatulence, it can build up in stomach and intestine and lead to bloating
can be found in
milk & milk products
human intestinal tracts (in the gastrointestinal tract)
animal intestinal tracts
(NuRuL FaRaH NaBiLa)
4) Plant sources
1) Probiotic supplements
3) Non dairy fermented foods
2) Dairy sources
Further classified as a F1F0-type ATPase,based on primary structure and the genetic organization
catabolize large amounts of substrate to generate enough energy for growth
utilizes aesculin, cellobiose, galactose, lactose, maltose, salicin, sucrose, and trehalose for fermentation.
For every one glucose molecule that undergoes fermentation, the energy yield is two ATPs
Homofermentative which means that the only byproduct it forms from fermentation is lactic acid.
Inhabit environments with high sugar abundance, such as the GI tract in humans and animals, because they utilize sugars as their substrates for fermentation,
Lack cytochromes, porphyrins, and respiratory enzymes and as a result are unable to undergo any oxidative phosphorylation or respiration
Similar to the streptococcal ATPase and the H+ inducibility of the operon suggests that it is responsible for an ATP-dependent exclusion of protons in order to maintain cytoplasmic pH (~7
Grows in low pH (<3.5), anaerobic conditions and undergoes fermentation only.
Modern fermented foods
Essential Duo Culture Starter
Essential Duo contains
and becomes the basis for homemade fermented foods.
Young Coconut Kefir
This delicious beverage is a great way to start your day and can stop sugar cravings.
The best probiotics
Fermented foods and drinks containing
and other probiotics are a much more potent choice for incorporating beneficial bacteria into a diet
May treat respiratory infections
sinus infection or rhinosinusitis, is inflammation of the sinuses resulting in symptoms. Common signs and symptoms include thick nasal mucus, a plugged nose, and pain in the face
Increases immune response.
Decreases frequency of vaginal yeast infections and urinary tract infections.
Reduces overgrowth of pathogens in digestive tract.
Relieves Irritable Bowel Syndrome
also called dysbacteriosis is a term for a microbial imbalance or maladaptation on or inside the body such as an impaired microbiota
a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus
Prevents and treats diarrhea
The enzyme that breaks down the sugar in milk. (People who are lactose intolerant don't produce this enzyme.)
Helps digestion of dairy products and produces vitamin K, which is essential to proper blood clotting and bone formation and repair.
Helps digest food, produces vitamins and facilitates digestion.
Beneficial bacteria that definitely want living inside small intestine.
Fun Facts (Qee)
Boost Immune fuction
The bacteria are able to survive the passage through the
conditions of the stomach.
Inhibit growth of harmful bacteria.
Increase overall resistance to infection
No need to see doctor
Best known as the basis of
Used for fermentation of dairy product