Alternatives and Risk Reduction Measures:
(1) Detailed planning to include thorough intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) and appropriate branches and sequels.
(2) Integrated, accurate, and timely intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR).
(3) Clear missions and intent, which includes a well-articulated end state.
(4) Sufficient reserves and rotation of forces.
(5) Vigilant physical security precautions to include increased use of barriers and other defences, particularly when urban areas are used as support areas.
(6) Operative communications and other information systems.
(7) Effective populace and resource control measures
(8) Comprehensive and flexible ROE continuously reviewed to ensure they remain adequate for the situation
(9) Sufficient C2 measures, and standard marking and identification techniques.
(10) Proper targeting procedures, PID, and controlled clearance of fires. The goal is precise, yet rapid effects with both lethal and non-lethal means
(11) Synchronized IO that begin before introducing military forces into the urban environment and continue through transition
(12) Active and effective integration, synchronization, and coordination amongst all forces, agencies, and organizations involved in the operation
(13) Responsive, sustainable, and flexible urban CSS
(14) Forces well-trained in joint, multinational, and combined arms UO
(15) Thorough after-action analyses conducted during actual operations, as well as after training exercises