Distribution of Population
More than 90% of the world lives in abut 30% of the land surface
The distribution of population in the world is extremely uneven
Crowded: South and south east Asia, Europe, north eastern North America
Places with high latitude and altitude are sparsely populated
Almost 3/4 of the world's people live in Asia and Africa
60% of the population stay in just 10 countries: China, India, USA, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Russian Fed., Japan
Density of Population
No. of people living per unit area
Average density of the world: 51 persons/sq. km.
Average density of India: 382 persons/sq. km.
1884: 1 billion, 1959: 3 billion, 1999: 6 billion
NATURAL GROWTH RATE
ACTUAL GROWTH RATE
Patterns of Population Change
Kenya: High birth rate, low death rate. Hence, high population growth rate
UK: Low birth rate, low death rate. Hence, slow growth rate
Human beings use their knowledge, skill and technology to create new resources.
Their demands and abilities turn them into resources
Factors Affecting Distribution of Population
Social, Cultural and Economic Factors
Social: Better housing, health, education facilities
Cultural: Places with cultural significance
Economic: Industrial areas provide employment opportunities