Environmental Studies AS - Land resources (Landscape conservation for…
Environmental Studies AS - Land resources
Landscape conservation for informal public recreation
Natural England/ Countryside Council for Wales
Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty
National Trails or Long-Distance Footpaths
DEFRA (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
Agri-environmental schemes set up under DEFRA potentially influence all farmland having a big impact of the countryside's aesthetic appeal.
Some aspects intended to maintain historically important features of the landscape.
Other features mainly intended to protect wildlife and affect the landscape appearance.
Local authorities (and others)
Areas of land, usually in or near urban centres, intended to provide informal recreational opportunities for the public.
Urban green space:
Green spaces found in urban areas/parks can provide valuable facilities for people that may rarely see the countryside.
The National Trust
Involves carful provision of facilities to avoid damaging the countryside's character.
Designed to fit surroundings by using traditional designs and local materials.
Providing good facilities and publicising them will attract the public and help keep them away from areas their presence could cause problems (
Helps protect sensitive wildlife sites where visitors could cause congestion and disturbance.
Restoration and development of countryside features can enhance its character.
Conserving environments aesthetic appeal involves maintenance of natural and human produced features.
Some of these features can be protected by preventing damaging activities.
Others require active management to counteract natural processes.
Major causes of land-use conflicts
Mining and quarrying
Hydro electric power (HEP) stations
Proposed or enlarged airports
Recreation and tourism
Methods of resolving land-use conflicts
Assessment of environmental impacts
Environmental Impact Assessments
Cost benefit analysis
Areas with very strict planning controls: