Social Psychology Ch 15 Attraction in close relationships (What leads to…
Social Psychology Ch 15 Attraction in close relationships
Need for affiliation: desire to establish and maintain rewarding interpersonal relationship
What leads to attraction?
Proximity: physical closeness; smaller the physical distance, the more likely the 2 people will experience repeat contact, which could lead to development of mutual attraction
Mere Exposure: mere repeated exposure of an individual to a stimulus is enough for increase in favorable response to that stimulus
Impact of physical attractiveness
Why is attraction so important?
Matching hypothesis: people are more likely to form longstanding relationships with others who's social attributes match with theirs and with those who are similar in physical attractiveness
Proportion of similarity: equation that divides the # of topics on which 2 people express similar views by the total # of topic on which they have talked about, resulting in a prediction of attraction
Repulsion hypothesis: similarity doesn't actually have any affect on attraction; people are repulsed by dis-similarities
Reciprocity: exchange of what we receive for what we get, which can include liking those who like us back
How do early parent-child interactions impact future relationships?
Secure attachment style
Fearful-Avoidant attachment style
Preoccupied attachment style
Dismissive attachment style
Can attachment style change?
What factors influence and define romantic love?
The role of gender
Can fear lead to passionate love?
Excitation transfer: process by which arousal from one stimulus can be transferred to 2nd stimulus, a person
Triangular theory of love
Romantic love across cultures
Is marriage the end goal of romantic love?
How are relationships maintained?
Social exchange theory
What role does conflict play in relationships?
Impact of attribution
Negative attribution style
Are there benefits in the dissolution of a relationship?