"In settings of learning a whole game is generally some kind of inquiry or performance in a broad sense. It involves problem solving, explanation, argument, evidence, strategy, skill, craft. Often something gets created - a solution, an image, a story, an essay, a model.
It's never just about content. Learners are trying to get better at doing something.
It's never just routine. It requires thinking with what you know and pushing further.
Rather than just standard routine problems, it involves open-ended or ill-structured problems. All of these endeavors asked the learners to go beyond what they already knew and extrapolate to novel and puzzling situations.
It's never just problem solving. It involves problem finding.
It's not just about right answers. It involves explanation and justification.
It's not emotionally flat. It involves curiosity, discovery, creativity, camaraderie."