Sources of Crime Statistics (Official Statistics (Local police send…
Sources of Crime Statistics
Local police send reports into the FBI
FBI compiles statistics: UCR (Uniform Crime Report)
The down fall to these statistics is that not all the crime being committed is being reported.
"Even if a crime is reported, the police may not record it"
"Thus official crime statistics may be a better indicator of what police are doing rather than of what criminals are doing"
The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
"the tendency for so many crimes to go unreported"
Began in 1973
"NCVS interviews 90K households comprising more than 160k people 12 and older"
"2013, 6.1 million violent crimes & 16.7 million property crimes"
Self-Report Offender Surveys
"asks offenders about their criminal behavior"
To officially be labeled a criminal:
1) The behavior must become known to have occured
2) the behavior must come to the attention of the police who then file a report, conduct an investigation, make an arrest
3) the arrestee must go through a preliminary hearing, and arriagnment, and a trial and may or may not be convicted
These surveys reveal that most adults have committed some form of a crime. So why aren't we all labeled as criminals?
: An act, or the omission of an act, that
is a violation of a federal, state, or local criminal
law for which the state can apply sanctions.
: The number of crimes committed per 100,000 population.
: measure the % of cases in which an arrest and official charge have been made and the case has been turned over to the courts.
UCR FBI crime