Food & water quality
The two major foodborne illnesses are:
- Main concern: virus and bacteria
In Australia, estimated 5.4 million cases of foodborne illness annually, costing $1.2 billion per year to the Australian economy. The main cause of water based illnesses in microbial contaminants such as:
- Salmonellosis causes fever, headache, nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Occurs in eggs, poultry and other meats, raw milk and chocolate.
- Campylobacteriosis causes severe abdominal pain, fever, nausea and diarrhea. Occurs in raw milk, raw or undercooked poultry and drinking water.
Viruses- hepatitis and rotaviruses
Bacteria- compylobacter and enterococi
Protozoa- cryptosporidium and giardia