Economic Acticity (Characteristics of an industry (Industrial location…
Characteristics of an industry
Classification of industry
Secondary industries are those that take the raw materials produced by the primary sector and process them into manufactured goods and products.
Eg: heavy manufacturing, light manufacturing, food processing, oil refining and energy production.
Tertiary and quaternary industry
Changing employment structures over time
During the industrial revolution, more people were needed to build ships, work in steel-making and with textiles. All of these jobs are found in the secondary sector.
Since 1900 mechanisation meant that fewer people were required to work on the land and in industry, as machines could carry out most of the work that people previously did.
By the year 2000 over half of the UK workforce were employed in tertiary industries and only a small number were employed in primary industries.
Quaternary industries are a relatively new concept, and it is only recently that they have been added to these figures.
Industrial location factors
access to market
Grants and financial incentives
Agglomeration is when a number of producers in the same or related industries group themselves together.
Footloose industries are those that are less dependent on factors that tie them to a specific geographical location. Unlike manufacturing industries, tertiary or services, companies do not have to be near a source of raw materials
Industry in HiCs