Candide or Optimism - Hannah Rippberger (Chapters 2-4 ("Candide was…
Candide or Optimism - Hannah Rippberger
"Candide was cured in three weeks by a worthy surgeon with ointments.." pg 24 (ch 2)
"...a worthy Anabaptist called James, had seen the cruel humiliating treatment of his brother man, a creature without wings but with two legs and a soul; he brought him home and washed him..." pg 27 (ch 3)
Candide walks to a village and finds dying civilians from the war. A Anabaptists takes him in after a wife of a Protestant man dumps human waste on him. Candide's faith in goodness is restored. He then finds a beggar in the street- Pangloss. Pangloss informs him of the people in his old town and that he has syphilis. :warning:
Candide walks into a town and two men find him and give him food. He serves in the Bulgar army.
Voltaire is making fun of
Candide kills Don and the Grand Inquisitor. Cunégonde and Candide take their riches and horses and leave. He becomes a captain. The old lady tells the insane story of her life. She went through some tragedies.
"'Madam,' replied the old women, 'you know nothing of my birth; and if i were to show you my behind you you wouldn't talk as you do, but would suspend judgment.'" pg 49 (9)
"A hundred times I wanted to kill myself but i loved life more" (ch 12)
In this chapter Voltaire is poking fun of how women are treated. He thinks it is ridiculous that men can own a women's body.
"“And there was not a man who did not yearn to change places with them” pg 50
Here Voltaire is talking about how a man will hit women but as soon as they are undressing they want to be there and touch the same bodies the hit.
Candide tells the government that Cunégonde and him are going to get married. Candide comes back and Cunégonde is married to the Governor. Cacambo and Candide go to a outpost and find that the Colonel is Cunégonde’s brother. The Baron tells his life and then attacks Candide. Candide kills him and feels bad. Cacambo and Candide are captured but released after they tell the people of killing a Jesuit.
Since Pangloss is now dead, Cacambo's role is to be Candide's new best friend. He brings a new perspective to the book.
'If this is the best of all : possible worlds,' he said to himself, 'what can the rest be like?' pg 37 (ch 6)
Pangloss and Candide are the only ones to survive a shipwreck. They get to the shore and go to the town of Lisbon where there was just an earthquake. The Portuguese decide to burn a few people to try and prevent future earthquakes. Another one happens and an old lady helps Candide with his wounds.
Voltaire is making fun of how some do not think of others. The guy that went to Lisbon with Candide and Pangloss went and drank and had sex with some girl while people in the village were dying.
"Having found some, he ran off with it to get drunk; and after sleeping off the effects of the wine, he brought the favours of the first girl of easy virtue..." (pg 33) ch 5