Guns for General Washington/ American Revolution (Causes of the Revolution…
Guns for General Washington/ American Revolution
Marriage and Family
Important events of the Revolution
Taxes and harsh new laws led some colonists to protest against the British. In some places, the protests turned violent. The British government refused to listen. Ignoring the colonists demands for more rights. That set the stage of the war
Key terms and people
First Continental congress. Patriots. Minute men. Redcoats. Second continental congress. Continental army. George Washington. Battle of bunker hill. Lexington and concord. Boston Tea party. Boston massacre.
Key events of the revolutionary war
Colonists in Boston were shot after taunting the soldiers
Boston tea party
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes
First continental congress
A gathering of colonial leaders trying to decide what to do about Britain
Objectives of the First continental congress
Compose a statement of colonial rights. Identify British Parliament's violation of those rights. Provide a plan that would convince Britain to restore the rights.
The ride of Paul Revere
When patriots got word of Gen. Gage's plan to attack a colonial stockpile of arms, Paul Revere and William Dawes set out on horseback to warn colonists that the British were coming.
"Shot heard around the world"
This was the first shot of the Revolutionary war - no one knows exactly who fired it.
Battle of lexington
Battle between the British and the Patriots - this was a small skirmish, British won with only one wounded, and continued to march onto Concord
Battle of concord
Battle between the British and the Patriots - British were trying to get the Patriots armed stash. Citizens had been warned and they were ready. This is where the "shot heard around the world" happened. The British were forced to retreat.
Second continental congress
May 1775 - second meeting of the colonies; they still aren't unified, but this is the first attempt as a republican government for the colonies.
The colonies established the continental army at the second continental congress this is the official army of the colonies. George Washington was the commander of this army
The first continental congress demanded certain rights from Great Britain. Armed conflict between British soldiers and colonists broke out with "the shot heard around the world"
The second continental congress created the continental army to fight the british
In two early battles, the army lost control of Boston but then regained it.
Causes of the Revolution
The king was in debt because of the war and he needed to finance the British troops so he made taxes which taxed the colonists on different things
Taxes and acts:
the Navigation Act
the Sugar Act
the Townshend Act
The king took control over the trading and made strict rules on it.
They traded raw materials for goods made in Great Britian
They had to obey British laws that were enforced by governors
Great Britain's reasons for controlling the colonies
Great Britain desired to remain a world power
In the american colonies, great Britain's desire to remain a world power resulted in a disagreement with the French known as the French and Indian war
Great Britain forced taxes, such as the Stamp act, to get money to pay off the debt from the French and Indian war
Reasons for taxation
To help fiance the French and Indian war.
To help fiance the maintenance of British troops in the colonies
Causes of dissatisfaction
Some colonists resented the power of the colonial governors
The colonies had no representation in parliament
Great Britain wanted strict control over the colonial legislatures
The colonies opposed the British taxes
The proclamation of 1763, which followed the French and Indian war, restricted the movement of settlers
Treaty of Paris
Britain agrees to remove all troops from the colonies
The king had put troops in peoples houses to keep them well ed and healthy, but to also watch them and make sure they aren't doing something against the laws
America is officially recognized as a free and independent nation
Instead of a king they thought of something called a president to listen to peoples choices and to help make better laws
Set new boundaries for the U.S
That means you can't just take other peoples land like the Indians!
America agrees to pay all existing war debt
They were kind enough to pay for the old kings debt from the french and Indian war
America will not punish loyalists
They were also kind enough to not punish the loyalists since it is a free country now so they want peace and not war
Advantages of the Patriots
Their advantages they had in the war were
They didn't wear bright colors so they can blend in with their surroundings
They had new fighting skills that were better than what the British skills were
They didn't get their supplies stolen from the British