United States Prepares for War (Americans Join the War Effort (Selective…
United States Prepares for War
A Production Miracle
1944- nearly 18 million workers were laboring in war industries
A. Philip Randolph, president and founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and the nation’s most respected African-American labor leader, organized a march on Washington
Mobilization Of Scientists
Manhattan Project became the code name for research work that extended across the country. U.S. program to
develop an atomic bomb for use in World War II.
The Industrial Response
By the end of 1942, industrialist Henry J. Kaiser had built seven massive new shipyards that turned out Liberty ships (cargo carriers), tankers, troop transports, and “baby” aircraft carriers at an astonishing rate.
Americans Join the War Effort
Selective Service And The GI
5 million who volunteered
for military service.
Expanding The Military
Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) U.S.
army unit created during World War II to enable women to serve
in noncombat positions
Recruiting And Discrimination
Restricted to racially segregated
neighborhoods and reservations and denied basic citizenship
rights, some members
of these groups questioned whether this was their war to fight.
Some 25,000 Native Americans enlisted in the armed services, too, including
The Federal Government Takes Control
a restriction of people’s right to buy
unlimited amounts of particular foods and other goods, often
implemented during wartime to ensure adequate supplies for the
Office of Price Admission (OPA) fought inflation by freezing wages, prices, and rents
War Production Board (WPB) rationed fuel and materials vital to the war effort, such as gas, heat, oil, etc.