1984 by George Orwell Grace Bigelow 2nd (Characters (Big Brother, O'…
1984 by George Orwell Grace Bigelow 2nd
Earth in some not-too-distant future
The world is split into 3 superstates
Eurasia-Soviet Union, Europe
Eastasia-China, Japan, Vietnam, pacific islands
Oceania-Americas, United Kingdom, Australia
Winston Lives in London, UK
Book 2 (Winston & Julia)
Book 3 (Winston and O'brien)
Book 1 (Winston)
Winston's Lunch break at his apartment
There is a tv with a camera in his apt that watches him all the time while at the same time spewing propaganda about how great the government is
Winston describes London as old and decayed except for the Gov. buildings
Winston indicates that his behavior is changed because he knows he's being watched all the time
Winston commits a capital crime in ch1 by beginning to write in a diary
in his diary, he describes going to the movies where the films are about blowing up refugees and immigrants while the audience laughs and enjoys the show
Winston begins thinking about the 2 minutes hate from that morning: everybody around 11 they get together where ever they are (like the pledge) and spend 2 minutes watching, screaming, and shouting at a commercial about the countries enemies (Eruasia) and the terrorist Goldstein. The commercial ends with Big Brother who calms the crowd.
Winston catches O'Brian's eye during the Hate and feels that O'Brian feels the same way about the Party that Winston does: that he hates Big Brother
The chapter ends with a knock at Winston's door and he thinks the Thought police has already caught him.
Winston goes to see his neighbor- Winston's neighbor comes over to ask for help with the sink drain
Her husband is't there to help her fix things- Winston describes her: (physical and demeanor) She's colorless, crushed looking and has wispy hair. She has a weary, winey voice.
Winston goes to help her-Winston describes the Parson's apartment: The roof was leaking, the paint was pealing, pipes were breaking, the heater was only working half way, to get a repair you had to ask a committee to do it for anything. It's dingy and had a broken down look.
The mom is afraid of her kids- Winston meets the Parsons children: (describes them) they're both wearing the spy uniforms and are pretending that they're going to shoot Winston. The boy seemed like if it had been a real gun he would have shot him
She feels like she can't punish them because she's scared they'll turn her into the thought police- Winston notices that Mrs. Parsons has something in the lines in her face: (what can you infer about her form this detail?) She has dust in the lines on her face. She probably hasn't been able to take a shower or clean herself for some reason for a while.
The kids want to go see the hanging. Theres one every week-Winston goes over the Party slogans
Freedom is slavery
Ignorance is strength
War is peace
Not a week goes by where a kid doesn't turn their parent in-Winston thinks about how terrified mrs. Parsons is of her children, why? She's afraid that they will end up turning her into the thought police if she makes them mad in anyway.
the mom never finishes her thoughts because she's scared she'll get in trouble with the thought police or her kids- Winston finally writes a message to the future in his diary (perhaps showing what his true intention in keeping the diary is--he hasn't even said it himself)--read what he writes and consider what his world is like by thinking of the opposites of what he wrote:
the government knows that the kids can be easily manipulated and if they can troll the kids then they can control the parents- Winston considers again whether O'Brian is a friend or an enemy: what does he conclude about this? I think he concludes that he doesn't know if he is an enemy or a friend because he wants to meet in the place where there is no darkness and he's not sure what he means by that. He probably is his friend though.
Winston is dreaming of his mother and sister. We are beginning to get the idea that dreams are important and wonder what significance they hold?
Winston's dream changes to the Golden Country, a idyllic pastoral scene that is the opposite of the gritty, dirty city in which he lives. It's clean, beautiful, and natural.
The Girl with the dark hair appears in the Golden Country and throws her party uniform aside. She is naked but Winston doesn't think of it as sexual and we are led to believe that she is free by not wearing the party uniform and that it could be that easy to sweep away the party ideology. She is natural and pure in his mind like the Golden Country.
When Winston wakes we find that he is forced every morning to do exercises by an authoritarian woman over the telescreen.
Again, we are shown that Winston is in poor health as he coughs his way into routine. As he works out, he lets his mind wander about the past.
The Party maintains complete control over the past. The Party also demands complete submission to it's authority. If the party says black is white then you'd better believe it. This means Doublethink.
Doublethink is the ability to hold two contradictory ideas in your head and believe them both to be true, usually as an act of self-preservation.
Winston works at the Ministry of Truth where he changes the old news stories to make the Party and BB look as if they are ALWAYS correct --and therefore completely in control.
Winston works in an office where everyone feels as through they are in competition with each other. Thus, everyone is suspicious of each other and slightly dislikes each other.
The Chocolate ration changes 35 grams to 25 grams after the Party had promised that there would be no reduction.
Were introduced to various co-workers
Winston imagines that everyone is looking for an opportunity to stab each other in the back-- think about the culture that must create!
We learn that Winston loves doing his job. It's lying for a living but at least he gets to challenge his mind and be creative.
We get our first examples of Newspeak. A shortened, simplified language people can have.
Winston creates Comrade Olgevy to replace Comrade Withers (who has become an UNPERSON)
Winston notes that when he is done forging history and the job of forgery is forgotten, Oglvy will be just as real as Julius Caesar or Charlemagne and will exist based on the same evidence
Winston is eating lunch with Syme and eventually Parsons
Syme is working on Newspeak and explains that Newspeak is the national language
He says that the point of Newspeak is to limit the range of language so that it limits the range of thought -- since humans thinks in language, if you can't say it you can't think it
Winston listens and thinks about how Syme will be vaporized. That he's too smart and speaks too plainly about things--things that other people are trying to ignore.
Parsons shows up and begins to hound Winston about collecting money for the decorations for the APT building during hate week later in the summer.
Mr. Duckspeak (some guy from the fiction dept ) is ratting on and on about the principle of the party. Winston thinks he sounds like a duck and that it's not the words but his throat. ( i.e. he's unconsciously spouting out party propaganda)
Winston looks around him and thinks about who gets vaporized and who doesn't. He decides that being dumb helps but that it's difficult to really say what type of person is safe in this society.
Parsons brags again about how horrible his children are, that they burned a woman alive for not showing enough respect to Big Brother. The kids are being trained as amateur spies. This is scary because it is all a game to them, but can have adult consequences.
Winston writes in his diary as way of confession and therapy to try and feel better about something he is ashamed of.
We find out that the Party sees real love affairs as threats to the party because you might end up caring about that person more than Big Brother.
Winston relays his history with this Wife Katharine who was a tall, pretty blond, but who is exceedingly stupid. She feels that it's "her duty to the party" to bear a child. Beyond that, she seems only capable of repeating the party propaganda.
We find out that the party has to approve all marriages and will do so only if the couple isn't attracted to each other. The party does not allow divorce.
Winston hates their physical relationship because they simply go through the motions. There is no speak between them.
We can infer from Winston's diary that every couple of years he visits a prostitutes as a way of rebelling against the party but also for his own personal gratification, although he is ashamed and disgusted by the visits.
Winston had hoped to get rid of his guilty conscience by writing about it but by the end of the chapter he still feels horrible.
The Thoughtpolice move about them and get rid of anyone who might become dangerous, otherwise they are left alone. "They are beneath suspicion". The Party slogan is "Proles and animals are free"
Winston describes the way in which the Proles live. They are simple, they work hard, they live in dilapidated buildings.
They are not political just patriotic.
Beer, football, and above all, gambling filled up the horizons of their lives.
He remembers how. once walking down a street down a street there was a huge commotion over some sauce pans for sale. It's so loud that he thinks a riot has started but it's just about 300ish people fussing with each other
Winston reads from a children's history text book the story of capitalism in the early 20th century but is seems a bit mixed up with the feudal system complete with a "King of the Capitalists"
Winston is writing in his diary again. He muses that the Proles are the only hope of overthrowing the party since they are 85% of the population.
Winston realizes that this history is a lie because he remembers differently; He thinks. The past for him is unclear since he was only little after the war and shorty before the revolution
He then goes through the recent history that his fairly certain of and the claims of the party since then. The Party claims to have made life better in almost every way since the 1960's --but there is no way to prove any of it
Just once, shortly after his wife left, he found solid documentary evidence that the party was changing the past.
3 party member, who were part of the early revolution, Jones, Arronson, and Rutherford had been accused of flying to Russia and trading secrets. They were arrested, tried and imprisoned.
After several years, those men were set free and then a short time after that re-arrested and then they confessed to doing all sorts of terrorisam and anti-party activity. They were tried and then put to death.
Problem is, Winston found a picture from a news paper that proved that the original changes against them were false. He destroyed the picture but the memory of that information has lived on and continues to bother him.
Winston concludes the chapter with the statement "I understand HOW, I do not understand Why."
Various other co-workers