M. Lilly 2nd period 1984 George Orwell
M. Lilly 2nd period 1984 George Orwell
He then goes through the recent history that he's fairly certain of and the claims of the party since then. The party claims to have made life better in almost every way since the 1960's- but there is no way to prove any of it
He remembers how, once walking down a street there was a huge commotion over some sauce pends for sale. It's so loud that he thinks a riot has started but it's just about 300ish people fussing with each other
Winston is writing in his diary again. He muses that the proles are the only hope of overthrowing the party since they are 85% of the population
The thought police move about them and get rid of anyone who might become dangerous, otherwise they are left alone. "They are beneath suspicion". The party slogan is "proles and animals are free."
Winston reads from a childrens history text book the story of capitalism in the early 20th century but it seems a bit mixed up with the feudal system complete with a "King of the Capitalists"
Winston realizes that this history is a lie because he remembers differently; he thinks. The past for him is unclear since he was only little after the war and shortly before the revolution
Winston describes the way in which Proles live. They are simple, they work hard, they live in dissipated buildings. they are not political, just patriotic. Beer, football and above all, gambling filled up the horizons of their minds
3 party members, who were part of the early revolution, Jones, Arronson, and Rutherford had been accused of flying to Russia and trading secrets. They were arrested, fired and imprisoned
Just once, shortly after his wife left, he found solid documentary evidence that the party was changing the past
After several years, those men were set free and then a short time after that re-arrested and then they confessed to doing all sorts of terrorism and anti-party activity. They were tired and then put to death.
Problem is, Winston found a picture from a news paper that proved that the original charges against them were false. He destroyed the picture but the memory of that information has lived on and continues to bother him
Winston concludes the chapter with the statement "I understand HOW, I do not understand why."
Various other coworkers
Winston works in an office where everyone feels as though they are in competition with each other. Thus, everyone is suspicious of each other and slightly dislikes each other.
The chocolate ration changes to 35 grams to 25 grams after the party had promised that there would be no reduction
Winston works at the Ministry of Truth where he changes the old news stories to make the Party and BB look as if they are ALWAYS correct- and therefore completely in control.
Were introduced to various co-workers
Winston imagines that everyone is looking for an opportunity to stab each other in the back-think about the culture that must create.
We learn that Winston loves doing his job.It's lying for a living but at least he gets to challenge his mind and be creative
We get our first examples of Newspeak. A shortened, simplified language designed to limit the thoughts people can have.
Winston creates Comrade Oglvy to replace Comrade Witters (who has become an UNPERSON)
Winston notes that when he is done forging history and the job of forgery is forgotten, Oglvy will be just as real as Julius Caesar or Charlemagne and will exist based on the same evidence
Winston commits a capital crime in chapter 1 by beginning to write in a diary
In his diary, he describes going to the movies where the films are about blowing up refugees and immigrants while the audience laughs and enjoys the show
Winston indicates that his behavior is changed because he knows he's being watched all the time
Winston begins thinking about the 2 minutes hate from that morning: everyday around 11 they get together where ever they are and spend 2 minutes watching, screaming and shouting at a commercial about the counties enemies and the terrorist Goldstein. The commercial ends with Big Brother who calms the crowd.
Winston describes London as old and decayed except for the Gov. buildings
Winston catches O'Brien's eye during the Hate and feels that O'Brien feels the same way about the Party that Winston does: that he hates big brother
The chapter ends with a knock at Winston's door and he thinks the Thought police has already caught him.
There is a tv with a camera in his apt that watches him all the time while at the same time spewing propaganda about how great the government is
Winston's lunch break at his apartment
Winston listens and thinks about how Syme will be vaporized. That he's too smart and speaks too plainly about things- things that other people are trying to ignore
Parsons shows up and begins to hound Winston about collecting money for the decorations for the APT building during hate week later in the summer
He says that the pint of Newspeak is to limit the range of language so that it limits the range of thought-since humans think in language, if you can't say it you can't think it
Mr Duckspeak (some guy from the fiction dept) is rattling on and on about the principles of the party. Winston thinks he sounds like a duck and that it's not the man's brain that producing the words but his throat. (i.e. he's unconsciously spouting out party propaganda)
Syme is working on Newspeak and explains that Newspeak is the national language
Winston looks around him and thinks about who gets vaporized and who doesn't. He decides that being dumb helps but that it's difficult to really say what type of person is safe in this society
Winston is eating lunch with Syme and eventually Parsons
Parsons brags again about how horrible his children are, that they burned a woman alive for not showing enough respect to Big Brother. The kids are being trained as amateur spies. This is scary because it's all a game to them, but can have adult consequences.
The girl with the dark hair appears in the Golden Country and throws her party uniform aside. She is naked but Winston does not think of it as sexual and we are led to believe that she is free by not wearing the party uniform and that it could be that easy to sweep away the party ideology. She is natural and pure in is mind like the Golden Country.
When Winston wakes we find that he is forced every morning to do exercises by an authoritarian woman over the telescreen.
Winstons's dream charges to the Golden Country, an idyllic pastoral scene that is the opposite of the nitty, dirty city in which he lives.It's clean, beautiful and natural
Again, we are shown that Winston is in poor health as he coughs his way into the routine. As he works out, he lets his mind wonder about the past.
Winston is dreaming of his mother and sister.We are beginning to get the idea that these dreams are important and wonder what significance they hold?
The party maintains complete control over the past. The party also demands complete submission to it/s authority. If the Party says black is white then you better believe it. This means doublethink.
Doublethink is the ablitlty to hold two contradictory ideas
We found out that the party has to approve all marriages and will do so only if the couple isn't attracted to each other. The party does not allow divorce
Winston hates their physical relationship because they simply go through the motions. There is no spark between them.
Winston relays his history with his wife Katherine who was a tall, pretty blonde, but who is exceedingly stupid. She feels that it's "her duty to the party" to bear a child. Beyond that, she seems only capable of repeating the party propaganda
We can infer from Winston's diary that every couple of years he visits a prostitute as a way of rebelling against the party but also for his own personal gratification, although he is ashamed and disgusted by the visits
We find out that the party sees real love affairs as threats to the party because you might end up caring about that person more than Big Brother
Winston had hoped to get rid of his guilty conscience by writing about it but by the end of the chapter he still feels horrible
Winston writes in his diary as a way of confession and therapy to try and feel better about something he is ashamed of
Winston lives in London, UK
Earth in some not-too-distant future
Oceania-Americas, United Kingdom, Australia
Eurasia- Soviet Union, Europe
Eastasia- China, Japan, Vietnam, pacific islands
The world is split into 3 superstates
Book 2 (Winston and Julia)
Book 3 (Winston and O'Brien)
Book 1 (Winston)