topic 3: FOUR LANGUAGE SKILLS (1. INTRO (Competences RD126/O.65/2105) (C.…
topic 3: FOUR LANGUAGE SKILLS
Main goal (LOMCE/RD126)
C. in linguistic communication
Mathematical c. and basic competences in Science and Technology
Learn to learn
Social and Civic C.
Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship
Cultural awareness and expressions
Importance oral/written Andalusia 97/2015
Methodological Recommendations O. 17 March/2015
2. THE FOUR LANGUAGE SKILLS
Cuadro N.Mclaren and D.Madrid (2004) "Four skills"
Listening and Speaking
. Oral Communication (interaction)
Why is complex and active process?
Sub-skills involved : Perceptive, language, comprehension, interaction
Why is important? (needed real life, motivation, silent period, input hypothesis, frequency hypothesis)
Didactic considerations: basic points (purpose, motivation, comprehensible input, stress, success oriented act.)
Tasks and activities: Before, While-after, after
Examples; Listen and do, listen and make
What is?; Stages (cognitive, productive)
Didactic considerations (interaction, input, limitations...)
( Functional dialogues, open dialogues, simulations, role-plays, mime-gestures-physical movement, grammar-demonstration dialogues, cultural dialogues, conversation-facilitation dialogues, phonetic dialogues)
Asking and answering questions
Playing with Language
Stages: Early production; Speech emergence; nearly fluent
Reading and Writing
(Written comprehension and production)
Comparison between Oral and Written Lang
Sub-skills involved: prediction, skimming, scanning, cohesion, coherence, inference & interpretation
Sub-skills: before, while and after reading
Importance (motivation: intrinsic, extrinsic)
Reasons: why read?, why should practise?
Text selection: adapted, variety, enrich, cultural references, valuable information...
Objectives: silent reading, pace, cope variety, develop techniques...
Functional approach: product, audience, purpose, linguistic focus.
Reasons for teaching it: real life use, comm.comp., oral proficiency
Components: Grammatical, morpho-syntactic; sociolinguistic; discourse
Techniques: focus on process; simple, controlled, guided and free.
3. COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE
Chomsky 1965: abstract grammatical knowledge Competence
Hymes 1972: Communication and culture Communicative Competence
Subcompetences of Communicative Competence
Communicative lang. Competences in the CEF