The Catholic Church- Changes and Complaints (Questions (Why did it take…
The Catholic Church- Changes and Complaints
Changes affecting the Church
Forced Europeans to expand their mindset that their is more to the world besides them
Trade allowed many expansion of new cities and grew wealth for many.
Europeans had themselves convinced they were the center of world surrounded by Africa and Asia .
Disruption of class system
Medieval society was made up of 3 classes at the time. The 3 classes were the clergy, the peasants, and the nobility.
Clergy: A group ordained to perform pastoral or sacerdotal functions in a Christian church.
With trade increasing, a new group of people emerged excited to take advantage of business and personal wealth.
Their wealthy effected the power they had over society and the structure of the society as well.
This brought new cultural movement known as humanism.
Scholars wanted to go back to Greek and Roman philosophy.
This philosophy was based off the belief that the human intellect is able to change and improve humans.
Humanism is the revival of classical letters, individualistic and critical spirit, and emphasis on secular concerns characteristic and the Renaissance.
Why did it take so long for a council to step In where there were two people trying to rule.
What did it take for the catholic church to get there followers back to trust them?
Why did the buying indulgences let their church take advantage of them.
How long did it take for the catholic church to go over to the unknown Americas?
Did the social classes cause a lot of disruption to more than just the catholic community?
Problems with Popes
A council soon joined in and put both popes out of ruling and added new ones. Even the people still were not sure about the pope.
2 men said they were leaders of the Catholic church.
The new pope was forced to move his residence to France, and maintain his power there.
Papal Schism: Split within the catholic church caused by people claiming they were the popes.
Impeachment: Removed from power.
Issues against the Church
Nepotism: Favortism based on family relationships
Simony: selling of church offices
Temporal Power: power in politics
Bishopric: the office of the bishop
Bishop: Any of the many protestant clergy officials who superintended other clergy
Cardinals: official of the roman catholic church who is below the pope.
The clergy was often just noble families
More often than not the offices were given to the highest bidder , not the most qualified.
The popes were taking on as much political power as religious powers. They would often request armies and get involved with foreign affairs.
They were originally designed for people to buy so that their sins would be forgiven.
Later, they were an easy way for the church to be profitable
People did know the church was scamming them, but believed that if they paid their money, they would not suffer and their sins would be forgiven.
Indulgence: Document offered release from punishment
Purgatory: a place of temperary suffering or misory