Nomads settled in pakistan
settled in rich soil
farmed a lot.
Flourished between 2600 BC 1900 BC
Aryans migrated to india
spoke a common language
raised cattle for milk and butter
expert hunters and horse riders
sometimes raided villages for food.
1500 to 100 BCE Aryans moved troughour India
Lived in tribes
each tribes are ruled by a raja
had sacred texts called Vedas
system of social classes devolped
Brahmans were at the top. Kshatriya were the warriors. Visayans were the common people, and sufras were the unskilled workers.
social classes were called varnas
you were born into your varna
also known as the caste system
Siddhartha Gautama devolved Bhuddism
4 noble truths
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
had 35000 people
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were very similar
large streets had tan blocks
at west end was a thick wood fortresses
flat wooden roof for houses.
houses were several stories tall
1900 BC people abandoned cities