Positive Existential Approach (The Phenomenological Method🌷🍀🌹…
Positive Existential Approach
🐁 human potential can be developed even in confronting the irreversible difficulties in life🐾
The Phenomenological Method
Knowing something is not just about the content (
) of what is known, but also the process (
) through and which it is known 🙊 🙉 🙊
biases of the listener form the interpretation of the experience - process
The givens of life, the things which are unavoidable, such as death and the existence of other human beings
We do not choose many of the givens in life, for example, our parents and the way the world is, nor do we choose to be born, but rather we are thrown into life and therefore have to do it the best that we can.
Refers to the openness of existence
That humans are free to choose the way they relate to life, how they define themselves, and the way they understand the world.
recognises human potential without succumbing to unrealistic
of the phenomenological approach
Therapist should put aside all prejudices, assumptions and stereotypes
That which is presented is described, rather than inferring an underlying essence or cause (explaining)
No particular fact or perception should be given precedence over another
This leaves the therapist open to discover alternative clusters of meaning in the patient's presentation, rather than settling with the usual suspects.
Values and Meaning
Concerned with living meaningfully by engaging with life and acting consistently with our values
realised by what we produce or the ways we transform our environments
involve the appreciation of things that are already given
Become most relevant in situations that cannot be changed or appreciated, but to which we can still adapt ourselves through a change in attitude or the position we adopt toward them
The phenomenological approach is positive because
therapist can identify
being attuned principally to the signs and symptoms of psychological disorder.