Kevin Guardado 2-3-17 Aztec and Inca (DONE) 100% :fire: (Tenochtitlan ,…
Kevin Guardado 2-3-17 Aztec and Inca (DONE) 100% :fire:
Fall of Inca
Francisco Pizarro was from Trujillo, Spain.
I think the purpose of Pizarro coming to the New World was when he heard a rumor that there was a great empire filled with gold in the mountains of South America.
Inca was conquered when Pizarro tricked Atahualpa and killed him in 1533.
After conquering the Inca, the Spanish King made Pizarro the governor of Peru.
Pizarro kidnapped Atahualpa to make him do an offer to fill a room with gold and the other room with silver.
After conquering the Inca, Pizarro's conquest of Peru opened most of South America to Spanish rule.
Francisco Pizarro offered to free Atahualpa if he filled one room with gold and one with silver.
Atahualpa was killed when he literally did what Pizarro offered him but Pizarro did a trick or lie.
Fall of Aztec
Hernan Cortes was from Medellin, Spain.
I think the purpose of Cortes coming to the New world was to search for treasure.
Before the Aztec could prepare for a 2nd attack, the smallpox broke out of Tenochtitlan and weakened the large Aztec Empire.
The Spanish army was outnumbered, so they invaded or fled Tenochtitlan and defeated the Aztec.
After the Aztec was conquered Cortes took part in one more expedition to Honduras.
Cortes ordered the Aztec to stop sacrificing his army since their leader was killed.
Montezuma died when the Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan and took Montezuma away.
I think Montezuma welcomed Cortes because he thought Cortes was Quetzalcoatl.
The Incas or Incans were usually called " Sun Children".
The main language that Incas spoke was called, "Quechua". But another language that was also spoke was called," Aymara".
The Incas main god they believed in was called," The Sun God".
The Incas were polytheistic, meaning they believed in many gods.
The chinampas were built on a few feet above the lakes sea level, and were used as gardens.
Chinampas weren't the only farming startegy. Aztec farmers made gardens in the mainland.
Chinampas were built for the food production of the people that lived in Tenochtitlan.
The very first temple ever built was called, " Templo Mayor". It's height was about 60m tall and was completed in 1497.
The materials that the temple mayor was made of were stone covered with stucco and polychrome paint.
The rooms at the very top of the temple were actually where they did human sacrifice. In the rooms, the walls were covered with dry human blood.
The Axtecs who built the temples never destroyed the old ones. Instead, the Aztec would just keep on adding layers to the old temples.
The problem was that the hoop that you had to get the ball through was pretty small.
The goal was to get the ball through the hoop using your elbows, knees, hips and head.
People including the " Mayans" played this game called " The Ball Game ".
A consequence for the losing team was that they had to get sacrificed.
This game is actually still played today. The name of it is called "Ulama".
Aztec jewelry was made with a variety of rich materials.
There was a golden piece of jewelry called " A lip Ornament". The ornament looked like a snake's tongue coming out of his mouth.
Another type of jewelry was called " Ear Plug" It was the most common jewelry in the Aztec culture. The ear plug was also called " Ear Spools".
The third type of jewelry was called " Ear Pendants". I'm not sure what they are but they look pretty big. So if they're like earrings, I'm not sure if they fit on your ear.
One type of jewelry that made for the Aztec was , "Shell Necklace". The necklace was from the Great Temple in Tenochtitlan.
The Aztec clothing were generally made from cotton which was imported from the Maguey Cactus.
Women would weave the fibers into clothing, and task girls were taught as young teenagers.
The ancient Aztec clothing were worn by the tribes that made up the Aztec Empire.
Some Aztec warriors wore jaguar heads as masks and also jaguar skins. The Warriors were known as "Jaguar Knights".
The Aztec clothing was generally loose fitting which didn't completly cover the body. But, when the Spanish arrived the Aztec were so surprised to see them in full armour.
Tenochtitlan has been the biggest cities ever built in the 1500's.
Tenochtitlan was built in the center of a river.
Tenochtitlan was connected to the mainland by causeways.
Some of the structures that were built in Tenochtitlan were Pyramids, ball courts, and houses.
When enemy's are coming to attack, people in Tenochtitlan can spot them and prepare for battle.
Some Incan people who built stuff actually made a long, long, long trail that leads to Machu Pichu.
Today, people actually walk on the path which lead them to Machu Pichu and took some pictures of the buildings.
Machu Pichu was a city that was hidden behind the mountains, which meant that people can't really see the city.
The Incas were actually the builders who built Machu Pichu.
The cool thing was that when you look at the terraces for far away, they actually look like steps on the mountain sides.
The unique thing about the terraces was that they were made to hold up the houses that were built on top of them. Some that houses don't collapse and get destroyed.
Terraces were made for farming potatoes on the grassy parts of the terracing.
Terraces were made by being dug out of the mountain sides so that the Incas could plant crops where it was hilly.
Each fountain that was built, produced a stream of water shaped to fill a water jug.
Each fountain had a spout designed to shape a jet of water that was the perfect size for filling a water jug.
The fountains supplied the city's inhabitants with clean, fresh water.
In Machu Pichu, there was actually a stairway called " Stairway of Fountains".