Aztec and Inca by patrick buckland 1st period 95% :star: (tenochtitlan (…
Aztec and Inca by patrick buckland 1st period 95% :star:
there language was unusual
Classical Nahuatl was the language of the Aztec empire and was used as a lingua franca in much of Mesoamerica from the 7th century AD until the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. The modern dialects of Nahuatl spoken in the Valley of Mexico are closest to Classical Nahuatl.
they spoke a diffreant launguage than mexicans today
they spoke and there language was used to produce names
Aztec Family life
the Aztecs were one of the first societies in the world to provide ‘universal education’. Young Aztecs were expected to grow up to be honest, hardworking and respectful.
The Spanish Conquistadores were amazed by how well Aztec mums and dads looked after, cared for, brought up and taught their children.
From the moment they were born Aztec children were believed to be precious ‘gifts from the gods’
the party celebrations for the birth of a child went on for four days!
The main family meal, at which everyone squatted round the hearth on reed mats, was in the middle of the day.
Aztec clothing was generally loose fitting and did not completely cover the body.
Aztec clothes were generally made of cotton (which was imported) or ayate fiber, made from the Maguey Cactus (also called the Century Plant or American Aloe).
When the Spanish arrived in Mexico, the people were surprised to see them in their full armour, with only their faces exposed.
Women would weave the fibers into clothing, a task girls were taught as young teenagers.
Because of their vast trading network, the Aztecs were able to make use of a beautiful array of dyes, creating the brilliant colours still seen in Mexico today.
. Invaders led by the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes overthrew the Aztecs by force and captured Tenochtitlan in 1521, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great native civilization.
There were three main causeways in Tenochtitlan. They were critical to Aztec life because they allowed people to walk between the islands and from the islands to the shore.
They were not the only major Aztec engineering feats. Lake Texcoco's waters were salty and unsuitable for drinking, so the Aztecs also engineered aqueducts to provide water for drinking, cooking and cleaning.
The Aztecs became adept at building new land over water because their main city, Tenochtitlan, was built on swampland in Lake Texcoco.
The Aztecs became adept at building new land over water because their main city, Tenochtitlan, was built on swampland in Lake Texcoco. ... There were three main causeways in Tenochtitlan. They were critical to Aztec life because they allowed people to walk between the islands and from the islands to the shore.
The Aztecs built causeways by using a foundation of wooden stakes, rocks and clay covered with a puzzle-like layer of fitted wood pieces.
Aztec temples were called, by the Mexica people of the empire, Teocalli - god houses. The priests of the Aztec religion went to these temples to worship and pray, and make offerings to the gods to keep them strong and in balance
Aztec temples were called, by the Mexica people of the empire, Teocalli - god houses.
The Temple of the Feathered Serpent is the modern-day name for the third largest pyramid at Teotihuacan,
the name Pyramid of the Sun comes from the Aztecs, who visited the city of Teotihuacan centuries after it was abandoned; the name given to the pyramid by the Teotihuacanos is unknown. It was constructed in two phases.
In Tenochtitlan public office was achieved by meritocracy–the popular acclaim for works for one’s benefit to society.
It was the first city in the world which guaranteed free education.
Tenochtitlan had the fastest postal service in the word
In 1519, at the peak of its development, it’s estimated that between 80- and 300-thousand inhabitants lived within the “city limits” of Tenochtitlan.
The “pochtecas”, or traders, were not allowed to hold public office because it was well known that their efforts would be for the personal benefit.
Construction of Machu Picchu began as an estate for nobility around the mid-1400s under Emperor Pachacuti.
Incan engineers in Machu Picchu were able to use an ingenious stone collection system to increase the yield of the perennial spring that normally only had substantial flows as mountain snow melted in the warmer months
machu picchu was built over 500 years ago
While the area received enough rainfall for agricultural production, there were few freshwater sources for domestic use. Water had to travel 749 m (about half of a mile) to reach the city center
machu pichu was an estate for there leader
The Inca empire and culture was largely destroyed by the Spanish in the most brutal conquest seen on the American continent
Under the leadership of Fransisco Pizarro the Spanish stole over 280,000 kilograms of gold from the Inca
The Inca empire and culture was largely destroyed by the Spanish in the most brutal conquest seen on the American continent. Under the leadership of Fransisco Pizarro the Spanish stole over 280,000 kilograms of gold from the Inca, destroyed and prohibited all expression of native religion and culture. Yet many traditions managed to survive in the myths and culture of Peru, Ecuador and Columbia.
The present-day Quechua-speaking peoples of the Andes are the descendants of the Inca
the inca had built machu pichu using there two hands
the mountain was used to be an estate for there leader
Pachacuti drastically reorganized the Inca religion
Inca society was a theocratic society, meaning that politics and religion were completely intertwined
Pachacuti created a cult around himself and the sun-god Inti.
The Inca religion combined features of animism, fetishism, and the worship of nature gods representing forces of nature.
He claimed to be the direct descendant of the Inca Sun God Inti, which made his people extremely obedient
Each village produced what its ecosystem would permit and gave its surpluses to other villages in different areas.
they had to collect money to pay the garbage men and workers
The corn, potatoes and cotton needed by millions of people were all produced in different areas of the empire.
this was over 500 years ago
One of the problems of government was the redistribution of food and clothing
there aqueducts where used to get water
The water came mostly from nearby rivers, but was also brought down from fresh water springs on mountains
In seasons when too much mountain snow melted, the flood waters were carried to huge masonry reservoirs for storage, channeling water to their cities and religious centers.[
The ancients discovered that if they diverted certain amounts of water from rivers, then they didn't have to worry about scarce rain and drought and they could also stimulate plants to grow faster by getting enough water in time. Workers dug tunnels through mountains and cut channels into cliffs to complete the project.
The Incan aqueducts refer to any of a series of aqueducts built by the Inca people. The Inca built such structures to increase arable land and provide drinking water and baths to the population.
the Incan fountains where used to get water
the Incan fountains had been used also as a drainage system
the Incan fountains where built about over 500 years ago
they where also a mystery to how they worked
most fountains where built around mountains
the incan canals where used to travel through states
The first recorded accounts of Incan water transportation structures came from Spanish conquistadores in the 16th Cenjosetury.
the incan canals where built over 500 years ago
Machu Picchu, the most famous and well preserved of Incan archeological sites, contains a complex aqueduct system.
The Inca enhanced the yield of the spring by building a spring collection system set into the hillside.
The collapse of the Inca Empire started when the Spaniards arrived in Central America and transmitted their diseases to locals who spread them to other parts of the continent including South America. It is believed that in ten years between 50% and 90% of the population was attacked by diseases like smallpox, influenza, typhus, diphtheria, chicken pox and measles, disease spread alarmingly fast as Amerindians did not have the immunity to fight off newly brought viruses