Eduardo Gutierrez - 5th Period Aztec & Inca. DONE (Tenochtitlan…
Eduardo Gutierrez - 5th Period Aztec & Inca. DONE
The markets were huge, with thousands of things for sale, so the Aztecs could buy things to live.
Tenochtitlan had a zoo with jaguars, rattlesnakes, a variety of exotic birds, so people could go see them.
Ceremonial Bathing was important for daily life.
They didn't speak Spanish, they spoke "Nahuatl".
A lot of people traveled by canoes in canals.
How they conquered land...
Warriors were sent out to conquer other people.
Conquered people paid taxes to the Aztec.
Aztec emperor & noble Aztecs grew rich.
Conquered people also had to send sacrifice victims to Tenochtitlan.
The Aztec did not make friends with their conquered people.
The Aztecs also believed in many different gods, which is called "Polytheism" (Sun, Rain, Corn, etc.)
Ceremonial Bathing was important for daily life.
The Aztecs were known to do a lot of Human Sacrifices.
Priests did not Ceremonial Bathe.
Their pyramids were triangular-shaped.
It is considered to be "The Impossible City", because it looked impossible to make.
Connected to the mainland by causeways .
Easy to defend against enemies.
In 1500, one of the largest cities in the world, until their fall.
It was built in the middle of Lake Texcoco.
The "Staircase" was where the bodies of sacrificed victims were thrown off after they took their heart out.
There was a stone called the "Sacrificial Stone", where the Aztecs would sacrifice their victims.
At the top there was also another shrine dedicated to Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec God of war, and a Sun God.
At the top there was a shrine dedicated to Tialoc, the Aztec Rain God.
There was a "Round Temple" dedicated to the god Quetzalcoatl.
The Aztec Calendar
The Calendar showed that the day had 20 days and 18 months in a year which equals 360 days(not 365).
The Calendar had the sun in the middle, showing that they worshiped him, Tonatiuh, since he was the most worshipped Aztec god.
The Calendar also had mythological figures like other gods.
The Calendar is 13 feet in diameter.
The Aztec Calendar supposedly said that the world was going to end in 2013, so that's were people got the idea.
Fall of the Inca
He was from Extremadura.
He fled a job herding pigs in Italy when he was 16.
They couldn't stop smallpox from spreading to people.
They couldn't scare Pizarro away.
Pizarro's army had weapons, even though they were 500 times less the army of the Inca.
They lured out Atahualpa by telling him to come to a "meeting".
He was killed by Francisco Pizarrp even though he agreed to the agreement to fill one full room with gold, and another full of silver.
He was the youngest emperor of the Incas.
He was the emperor of the Incas.
It was a vacation home for the emperor.
It was built on top of the Andes Mountains.
The Inca didn't use anything like mortar to stock the rocks together.
The rocks were perfectly carved so the rocks would go smoothly together.
There were a lot of aqueducts in Machu Picchu.
The Inca sacrificed people, but only kids. They drug them and then leave them to mummify.
The Inca were Polytheistic.
The Inca's calender consisted of 12 months with 30 days each.
The Inca believed they were descendants from the Sun and Moon, their father and mother.
The most important Incan God was Inti, the Sun God.
Colors and knots represented different things on a quipu.
They used quipus to record how many and what.
As a solution, they kept information on knotted strings called "quipus".
The "quipu" was a solution so the Inca could record what people had.
The Inca had no actual written language.
They used terraced farming because they wanted to dig out terraces where it was hilly.
The terraced farming was on a side of a mountain.
The Inca were great when it came to farming.
They used a terraced farming method to farm.
Their main crop was potatoes.
Fall of the Aztec
Also, the Aztecs thought Cortes was an Aztec God,Quetzalcoatl, so they kindly welcomed him in.
A Mayan woman also gave information to Cortes about the Aztecs.
Another reason was that the Aztecs had weapons, so they were advanced in technology.
Hernan Cotes and his men brought smallpox with them, a disease that weakened the Aztecs.
He was a Spanish Conquistador, who searched for treasure.
Hernan Cortes arrived in Mexico with approximately 550 soldiers, 16 horses, 14 cannons, and a few dogs.
Montezuma II was taken hostage after the Spanish took over the city.
Thought that Cortes was a n Aztec God.
He was killed during the fighting that had started.
They also built Inca Trails which are still around today.
They built aqueducts and aqueducts to carry water to dry places.
These roads connect all parts of their empire.
The Inca built more than 19,000 miles of road.
The Inca were excellent builders.
It's a squared building stone.
It's the reason the Inca didn't need to use mortar.
This is how the Inca made columns of stones to hold up the buildings.
The Inca also made Machu Picchu this way.
The Inca were the first people to discover this.