Jasmine Ogletreee Period5 ----- Aztec and Inca DONE!!!! 91% :!!:
Period5 ----- Aztec and Inca DONE!!!! 91% :!!:
They built chinampas to harvest and grown their crops.
They supported themselves through fishing and hunting local animals.
When the Aztecs saw an eagle perched on a cactus on the land near Lake Texcoco theydecided to build there city on that lake.
The first ruler of Tenochitlan was Acamapichtli.
They drained the mudy land and constructed an amazing artificial island.
Machu Picchu is made up of more than 150 buildings.
In the summer of 1911 the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham arrived in Peru with a small team of explorers.
Machu Pichuu is generally warm and humid during the day. Temperatures are usually around 52 and 81 degrees Fahrenheit.
Structures were built with a technique called ashlar. Stones are cut to fit together without mortar. It is also said that you knife or like needle cant cut through it.
In the Quechua native language, Machu Picchu means Old Peak or Old Mountain.
Nahuatl created the words like chili, avocado, chocolate, coyote, peyote, guacamole, ocelot and mescal.
Nahualt turned into a dominant langues in the mid 1350's.
Nahuatl which is still spoken by 1.5 million people!
The Aztec language is
One of the last Nahuatl speaking groups were mexica!
The Aztec relied on what they could grow and hunt as the main food source .
One of the mostly used crops that the Aztec people grew was corn, or maize, which they used to prepare a wide variety of other foods.
Beans were served at every meal in the Aztec culture.
Sometimes, not a lot the Aztec people would hunt and kill an animal, usually a turkey or a dog.
The Aztec diet was mostly just focused on a few of the major foods not really anything else.
Aztec clothing was mostly loose fitting and did not completely cover the body.
Aztec clothes were generally made of cotton .
Girls or women would weave the fibers into clothing.
They only allowed slaves to wear simple loincloth.
The men would also wear a cloak made from a triangular cloth known as a tilmatli or tilma.
The Incas believe that the God viracocha created the earth, stars, and all living things
The Inti was the most important of the gods to the Inca
Mama Quilla the goddess of the moon
The priest or pope of the Inca was called uma uillaca
The worshiped their gods in spiritual places called huacas
Clothing worn by Eagles was determined by their status.
The ruler of the Inca empire wear a hat made a gold an embroidered tunic covered in jewelry and slippers made of fur or cloth.
Women wore ankle length skirts, shoes made of grass and other garments constructed from llama, alpaca or vicuna wool.
Wealthy Incas wore clothing made from baby alpaca fur called cumbi.
Men that were like more poor wore plain knee-length tunics, grass shoes or sandals made from leather, headbands, and the headdress
Quechua is the Language of the Inca
The Inca used a system of knotted strings known as quipu to send messages around.
Quechua first appeared like on paper or written in 1560 in the form of a dictionary by Domingo de Santo Tomas.
Quecha is the most widely spoken language
It is divided into two-main sub-groups
Fall of the Aztec Empire
Montezuma saw Cortes with all these new things he had never seen before so he thought he was a god.
Montezuma died by being murdered.
Her nan Cortes was born in Medellín, Spain
He developed dreams of making his fortune in the New World.
there were also mountain temples they were often carved right out of the side of the mountain.
The Great Pyramid of Cholula is the largest pyramid by volume in the world!!!
Even though built as temples a burial site has been found as a part of one.
some of the temples had been built almost 1000 years earlier.
many of the these so called Aztec temples were temples that existed before the Aztec empire did.
A lot of times willows would be planted along the edge of the plot they were there to provide further stable fencing.
A fence was woven between the stake and the area would be filled in with mud and vegetation to create the chinampas.
They were supported with the Aztec's complex irrigation and waterway systems that included dams, aqueducts and gates.
Achinampa plot was constructed by staking out a rectangular thing, about 30 m in length and 2.5 m in width.
During the rainy season, flooding would have been a problem. Hence, a sophisticated drainage system, which included dams, sluice gates and canals, were put in place to counter this problem.
Fall of Inca Empire
Francisco captured Atahualpa.
Francisco demanded a room full of gold and one silver from the inca
How Atahualpa died was he was executed.
He was born in Trujillo, Cáceres, Spain
Francisco's purpose was to gain wealth
He was Assassinated on June 26, 1541.
The stones/blocks are larger than bricks
Many people don't like to use ashlar these days (2017)
Ashlar was founded in the second century
Ashlar stones fit together perfectly.
Not even a knife or a needle
could fit through them.
They have to carefully shape the rocks to make them fit together.
Terraces were when they built steps of land for agriculture down the mountainside.
Instead of rainwater running down the mountainside, the Inca channeled it through each step.
They also built aqueducts to carry water where it was needed.
The Inca grew more food than they needed,stored food was dried and kept in special buildings.
The three staple crops were corn, potatoes, and quinoa seeds.