Aroob Javed Period 1 Aztec and Inca Done (Tenochtitlan (Tenochtitlan…
Aztec and Inca
Tenochtitlan was built on an island on Lake Texcoco.
The houses they made were called Teocalli, in English they were called god houses because the priests wanted the Aztecs to pray for their many gods.
On Google it says the
"Aztec cities often competed to construct the greatest temples in the Aztec empire. "
The Aztecs built many pyramids and temples to please their gods for human sacrifice.
Tenochtitlan was built where Mexico City is now.
What They Wore
Poor people mostly wove their own clothes and it was the responsibility of the wife to make the clothes.
The Aztec Nobles were the only ones that could wear clothing decorated with feathers.
The Aztec women wore long skirts and blouses.
The Aztec Emperor was the only that could wear a turquoise colored clothing.
The Aztec man wore loincloths and long capes.
Where They Live
Poor Aztecs lived in hut like houses with roofs made out of Palm Tree Leaves.
Poor people often had a 4 room house and a garden where they would grow their food.
A lot wealthy people lived in large houses with many rooms.
Wealthy Aztecs live in stone or sun dried brick houses.
The most basic rooms a poor Aztec would have is a sleeping area, a cooking area, a eating area, and a shrine room for gods.
Food They Ate
They also eat insects, fish, honey, snakes, and sadly dogs.
They would mash up the maize so it would become flour, then they would make tortillas .
There most valued dish was coco beans to make chocolate.
The main staples of the Aztec were the food maize, it is similar to corn, beans and squash.
They mostly drank drinks with cocoa in them.
They were made because where the Aztec lived there was no good land to farm in.
They were held against a tree or the actual bottom of the lake.
They were also called Aztec Floating Gardens because they were placed on shallow waters.
They would put vegetation then they put reeds then put dirt to plant the seeds.
Chinampas were a Mesoamerican way of using fertile land that was used as farm land.
When an enemy came they would take away the bridge to defend .
They built bridges into the causeways making way for canoes and small boats to pass under.
All the materials on the causeway fit together like a puzzle.
Causeways are roads or bridges across a body of water.
Causeways are made from Wooden stakes, Rocks, and Clay.
Fall of the Aztec
Hernan Cotes was from Crown of Castile.
Hernan Cortes came to the New World, because of the 3 Gs and they are Gold, God, and Glory.
The Spanish invaded the place in 1519.
The Spanish brought disease from the old world and it killed about 80% of the Aztecs.
The Spanish conquered the Aztec Empire by 1521.
Hernan Cortes is one of the most famous Spanish conquistador.
Montezuma welcomed Hernan Cortes, because Montezuma thought Hernan Cortes was a god. They thought he was a god because he had things like a horse and guns that Montezuma had not seen them before.
Montezuma was killed by a rock. A fight broke out when Montezuma was captured and nobody knows if the conquistadors killed him or his own people.
Fall of the Inca
Francisco Pizarro was from Trujillo, Cáceres, Spain.
Francisco Pizarro wanted the three Gs, they are gold, god, and glory.
By 1533 Pizarro had controlled all of Cuzco.
The Spanish brought diseases killing a lot of people.
In 1532 the Spanish Invaded Cuzco.
Francisco was best known for taking over the Inca Empire.
Atahualpa was not listening to Francisco Pizarro about stopping the sacrifices so Pizarro was going to burn him.
Francisco Pizarro killed Atahualpa for not listening him.
Cuzco was the village that the Incans lived in.
The village Cuzco was found in the Andes Mountains.
Cuzco was founded by Manco Capac in 1200 AD.
The structures of the Incan are still there today.
Scientists believe that it was built in 1450.
What They Wore
Both men and women wore capes.
The peasents and nobles would wear similar clothes.
Women wore long dresses.
The rich wore clothes with finer fabric and was more decorated.
Men wore sleevless shirts or tunics.
Where They Live
They were mostly one story and one room houses.
In the houses they had very little furniture.
The houses had thatched roofs.
They had baskets, sleeping mats, and stoves in their houses.
The Incans lived in adobe brick houses.
Food They Ate
They had 200+ different potatoes that they grew.
They ate potatoes, corn, squash, beans, duck, tomatoes, fish, peppers, and ducks.
They had to grow all the food they ate because they lived on the mountains and there were not that many animals.
If the homeowner wasnt able to help on the field the government would help them with food that they could to buy.
They would drink something made from jora maize that was called chicha.
Every single fountain was connected.
The fountains supplied the city with clean, fresh water.
The very first fountain was made next to the emperor's residence.
This was a real challenge trying to get the water to one place to another.
The water from the fountains came about a mile away.
The Incas invented terrace farming.
Since they lived on a mountain there was no flat land. They created terrace farming to survive.
Quinoa was a seed that the Inca used to make flour and soups.
There were about 1 million hectares of terraces or 2471053.81 acres of terraces in Peru.
The main 3 staples that they planted were potatoes, corn, and quinoa.