Period 5 Aztec & Inca DONE
Aztec & Inca
Tenochtitlan had really impressive management ; they had large canals criss-crossing the city.
Tenochtitlan was a religious and political city.
When the Spanish conquered the Aztec they were impressed by the art and agriculture, at Tenochtitlan; including the Templo Mayor pyramid.
Tenochtitlan was also a place where a lot of trading took place.
Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the Aztecs.
Another one of the structures is the Temple of the Moon. This structure was a ceremonial temple.
There are many fountains in Machu Picchu. One beautiful one is Pisac.
One of the structures is the Inca Bridge. It is a rope bridge; it has wood at the bottom to be used as steps.
The purpose of Machu Picchu was that it was meant to be a vacation home for the emperor.
Machu Picchu was built with mostly construction bricks.
It is said that the most prized art during that time was the Aztec's feather-work. With his art form artists would make beautiful cloaks and wealthy were allowed to were allowed to wear feather made products.
The Aztecs had many beautiful pieces of pottery. They would make things from bowls to tall jars; they would paint them and they would come out colorful. They always took pride in their pottery.
The Aztec also carved a lot of sculptures out of many different types of stone. They carved many types of things. From small items to large sculptures of gods.
Music was a major art during at that time. They played various instruments like flutes,shells,whistles,and drums. They used music to speak to their gods.
Poetry was the highest form of art during the Aztec times. Many of the poems were about gods and mythology. Some were also about daily life.
They used chinampas to grow most of their food.
The most valued food was the cocoa bean because it was used to make chocolate.
The Aztecs would also fish. That was also a major job for many people.
The Aztec would ground(crush) maize to make flour for tortillas.
The major foods from that time are maize(yellow corn), avocados, tomatoes, tamales,tortillas,vegetables,meat, chili peppers, squash ,and chocolate.
The kids would attend school or they would stay at home and help out around the house.
Most couples didn't even know each other until they got married.
The wife would usually stay at home and cook food and weave cloth for the family's clothes.
The husband would usually work as a farmer, warrior, or craftsman.
The elderly family members were respected and taken care of.
Fall of the Inca
Pizarro came to the new world because he wanted to get rich and famous.
Francisco Pizarro was from Spain.
Francisco Pizarro was a Spanish conquistador.
Then, he set up a peace meeting with Atahualpa; he agreed to go.
After that, Pizarro kidnapped Atahualpa and made a deal to grant his freedom with two rooms, one filled with gold, and the other with silver.
First, since the Spanish had little troops he had a plan.
Finally, Atahualpa kept his part of the deal and granted him with he two rooms; but Pizarro killed Atahualpa. He later then conquered the Incas.
Atahualpa died of murder; Pizarro killed him.
Francisco Pizarro kidnapped him and used him to get gold and silver.
Atahualpa was the emperor of the Incas.
The Incas used literature as an art too. They didn't have a written language so they used literature orally. they would use literature for: poems, drama, story songs, and tales of royal heroism and history.
Textiles was also an amazing art. This was a type of cloth or a woven fabric.
They would also work with a different kind of art called, Stone masonry. This is when people work wit stone.
A major art that the Incas had was metalwork. They would work a lot with metal.
Music and dance was an important art for the Incas. For musical instruments they would use: drums, whistles, flutes, and panpipes (wind instruments with several pipes attached to a mouthpiece) made from wood, bone, and ceramics
They used terraces to grow their crops.
They would mostly eat vegetables and would occasionally eat meat.
The Inca had to eat 2 times a day, one time in the early morning, and the other in the late evening.( they had no lunch)
They would eat wild fruit like: sour cherries, custard apples, elderberries, cactus fruits, pineapples, and a type of banana.
They also sometimes caught fish including: anchovies, sardines, tuna, salmon, sea bass, and shellfish.
Only the wealthy kids were allowed to go to school. The underclass kids had to work their whole lives.
At the age of 14 many of the young men had to wear a golden ear plug.
The noble Incas didn't have to worry about their family life as much as the peasants.
For the peasants 12 year old girls were already married. The wife would stay at home,cook, and take care of the children. The men would work as farmers.
Their life as an Inca depended on their social status. The two types of people were a peasant and the noble.
Fall of the Aztec Empire
Hernan Cortes was from Spain.
The purpose to why Hernan Cortes went to the new world was because he wanted to explore and get rich.
Hernan Cortes was a conquistador.
Then, he decided that he wanted to claim that land for Spain.
After that, Montezuma welcomed them and Cortes made his move and fought for the city.
First , Cortes showed up and saw the city.
Lastly, Cortes used European diseases to defeat the Aztec.
Montezuma welcomed Hernan Cortes because the Spanish had technology that the Aztecs hadn't seen before. Therefore he thought that Cortes was a god.
Montezuma died of murder.
Montezuma was the emperor of the Aztecs.
They also used canals for transportation purposes.
They built bridges so that the boats could pass underneath and people could walk over.
They built canals through the city so that the water could reach to everyone.
The bridges over the canals could be removed when the city was under attack.
Since the water from Lake Texcoco was salty, the Aztecs had to build pathways from fresh spring water.
The priests of their religion would go to temples and pray.
Some of the temples would be used for specific gods.
Aztec temples were called "Teocalli " or god houses.
They were also used for specific celebrations.
Temples were usually found on top of pyramids.
The Incas invented terracing because flat lands were rare (especially because they lived on mountains).
They were very clever because instead of letting rain water fall down the mountain, they would use it in aqueducts to take the water somewhere, where they would use it.
In their terraces the three main crops were:corn, potatoes, and quinoa (quinoa seeds was used to make cereal, flour, and soups).
Whenever they would dig the terraces they had a high chance of dying; digging them up was a dangerous job.
Many of the terraces are still there. They last for a really long time.
Aqueducts were built on the sides of mountains.
Using aqueducts many people were able to have water; some people were even able to have their own baths.
For many centuries (and even now) the aqueducts have given water to many humans and creatures.
The most beautiful aqueducts are found in Tipon.
Many aqueducts are made of individual bricks.