Shaniya DaCosta Period 5 Aztec and Inca DONE (Tenochtitlan (At the…
Shaniya DaCosta Period 5 Aztec and Inca DONE
At the center of Tenochtitlan, there was the Temple of the Gods. They sacrificed people at the very top.
The market places were huge! With thousands of things to sell.
Was built on the middle of lake Texcoco. It is now called Mexico City today.
Most of Tenochtitlan's buildings were destroyed by Hernan Cortes and the Spanish.
The Aztecs were able to settle there because no one else wanted the land
They grew maize, and other crops they needed.
Chinampa is a type of agriculture which used small, rectangular areas of fertile arable land to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Valley of Mexico.
The canals were set up around the chinampas in a way that made it look like a " floating garden".
The chinampas could grow up to 7 crops at a time. Using regular land,you could only grow one.
The Aztec had many temples, but one well known one was the Templo Mayor.
The Templo Mayor, was built in the middle of Tenochtitlan.
They held religious human sacrifices on the very top of the temple.
The Aztec temples are still major religious destinations today.
Women would wear less revealing clothes. They wore skirts and sleeveless blouses.
The military wore clothing based on their status. An eagle or a jaguar. The ancient aztec warrior clothing offered some protection. Their headgear, also served as helmets.
Aztecs during the time, barely covered their bodies. Slaves would only wear a simple loin cloth.
The upper class wore nicer clothes than the lower class. Gold was often used in clothing. They wore jewelry such as necklaces, earrings, and bracelets.
When the Spanish arrived in Mexico, the Aztec were surprised. The Spanish were wearing full armor, with only their faces covered.
One common form of Aztec jewelry is the ear plug
Very little of the art work remains today.
Common materials used:copper, gold and silver, shells, clay, wood, rock such as obsidian, and feathers.
There were also bracelets, necklaces with charms and pendants, armlets, leg bracelets, and rings.
Fancy jewelry was usually owned by rich nobleman and such.
Priests didn't bathe or cut their hair. They walked around with matted hair covered with dried human blood.
Ceremonial Bathing- Important part of daily life. Not only to be clean, but religiously purified.
Human Sacrifice- Aztec gods needed human blood to keep the world balanced.
The Aztec were Polytheistic ( worshiped more than one god). They worshiped the Sun, Corn, Death, and Rain.
Temples were pyramid shaped. They were called Teocalli- god houses.
Can send water at least 50 miles away from water source
Irrigates dry land.
A pipe or chanel designed to carry water to a distant source.
Built more than 1900 miles of road on mountains.
used to keep crops from falling.
Main crops grown is potatoes
Terraces were built on mountain sides.
Fall of Inca
Fall of Aztec
He was born in Spain, and lived in Extremadura.
Hernan Cortes was a Conquistador.
His motives were to conquer the Aztec Empire and claim it for Spain. He set sail to the New World at only 19.
Montezuma would conquer small tribes, make them pay taxes, and send sacrifices. The tribes teamed up with Cortes to take Montezuma down.
Many of the Aztec, betrayed Montezuma and went against him.
Montezuma was to trusting, which led to the conquering of his empire.
The Spread of Smallpox did most of the killing of the Aztec.
Montezuma II was the Aztec Emperor when the Aztec were conquered.
He welcomed Hernan Cortes because he was rumored to be one of the gods the Aztec worshiped. The way Cortes looked when he entered Tenochtitlan made him believe the rumor. Hernan had horses, armor, guns, cannons, and many soldiers.
At a gathering Montezuma was speaking at, someone who didn't agree with him, threw a rock at him, The rock killed him.