Abigail Donkor - Period 5 Done - Aztec & Inca
Abigail Donkor - Period 5 Done - Aztec & Inca
Tenochtitlan was One of the largest cites in the world at its time.
Waterways were used to travel to different parts of the city.
Easy defense because it was surrounded by water.
Tenochtitlan was Connected to the mainland by bridges.
People would go to the big markets to sell and buy thousands of things.
There was a a square on the highest ground of Machu Pichu where you would usually you would see cermonies.
The highest point ofthe city was the Stone of the Sun,a big carved stone.
There are more than 3,000 steps To get to the top of Machu Pichu.
About a thousand people live in the city of Machu Pichu.
As you go father down Machu Pichu you would find dungeons where prisoners were kept.
The Aztec believed that the world was created by 5 different gods,Quetzalcoatl creating humans,Tonatiuh being the sun god,and Tezcatilpoca being the first creator.
The Ancient Aztec religion is based on how the humans and the gods and nature were interconnected .
When the Aztec sacrificed people, they sacrificed to one of their gods by placing the person on a sacrificial stone and then the priest cut them with a blade.
The Aztec sacrificed peasants they conquered and beautiful women.
The Aztec were Polytheistic and Mesoamerican religion, which means they worshiped many other gods and that human sacrifice was required.
Their main food was corn, beans, and squash.
Some other foods that they had that they added to other dishes were chills,nopales,and tomatoes .
They would make drinks out of cacao at religious ceremonies.
The Aztec made chocolate out of coco beans .
The Aztec would take kernels from the corn and make soup called pozole.
Women would wear skirts and a sleeve less blouse or a short sleeve shirt.
The military would have their on costume based on what group in the military they belonged to.
Clothing was made by women weaving fibers together .
Men would wear a cloak made out of triangular cloth know as tilma. If the man had more power or a higher social standing the would wear their clothing might be embroider.
You could also buy slaves if you had enough clothing material.
Fall out of the Aztec
Hernan Cortes was a conquistador.
Hernan Cortes came to America because he lived in a province that was hard to become wealthy in, so he came to America to become wealthy.
Cortes was from Extramurda.
Advanced weapons a contributing factor
Different animals,like dogs and horses, was a contributing factor.
The fact that Cortes formed alliances was a contributing factor.
Small Pox was a contributing factor
He died because a angry protester threw a rock at him and he was killed.
Montezuma welcomed Cortes because he believed Cortes was Quetzalcoatl, an important Aztec god
Fall Out of the Inca
Pizarro was from Italy.
Pizarro came to America to become wealthy. And he heard there was an empire filled of gold.
Hernan Pizarro was his title.
Taking he Inca emperor was a contributing factor.
Pizarro tricking Atahualpa was a contributing factor .
The fact that Pizarro did not leave the Inca alone was a contributing factor .
Small pox was a contributing factor.
Pizarro held Atahualpa hostage. He came up with a deal. Atahualpa kept his end of the deal, but Pizarro killed him in 1533.
Atahualpa was an emperor.
Pizarro killed him in 1533.
Jewelry and other woven materials were made by craft workers in workshops and in the Inca court.
Buildings were built by fitting big blocks of granite together.
Inca pottery was called imperial Cuzco.
Inca workers moved a lot,so they built towns where every the settled. They had plenty of works and materials.
Inca pottery was made by twisting long strips of clay instead of it being on a wheel.
The Inca would make a beer called chicha, by chewing up grains of corn, spitting corn into warm water, causing fermentation, making beer.
Families while making stew would add small animals, such as frogs and worms
Over 200 varieties of potatoes were grown by the Inca. They planted them on the highlands.
Inca families would keep guinea pigs, they would eat up leftover kitchen scarps and plants, when they got fat, they would eat them!
The Inca would would enjoy spicy food made from chilies and garlic.
Colored clothes were dyed by plants and minerals.
Animal hair was woven with wool or cloth to make the fabric stronger.
Sandals and shoes were usually made up of plaited glass or leather.
Inca clothes was all made up of cotton or wool.
Cotton and wool was given to people according to need.
They would build upon old levels of the pyramid instead of taking them down
At the top level of the pyramid, they would sacrifice people.
The temples were never cleaned.
The temples would be covered in human blood.
The Aztec temples were in shape of a pyramid.
Chinampas were made by pulling extensions of of dirt and plants into water.
Some crops that were grown there were,squash,corn, beans,tomatoes,and chili peppers.
Chinampas were fertile, arable pieces of land.
Chinampas were not just used for growing fresh fruit,but for scholar studies .
Chinampas are rectangular pieces of land that the Aztec used to farm on .
The ashlar used in Inca architecture like Macchu Pichu and cuzco are the most popular.
Ashlars are usually a fancy type of stone work.
Ashlars are the finest type of stonework,usually in a shape of a rectangular prism.
Ashlar blocks are used in building as an alternative of bricks and other constructive material.
Modern European are usually 14 inches in height.
Cuzco was built in 1100 A.D.
Cuzco is the oldest existing occupant city in the Western Hemisphere.
Cuzco was built 3,400 m above sea level.
Cuzco was built on the Peruvian Andes Mountains,using architectural methods to keep it in place.
Cuzco was made under the rule of an emperor named Pachacutec.