The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Questions (Why did Philip IV…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
The explorations on Columbus and Magellan helped expand their knowledge of the world around them
World composed of three known continents Europe , Africa, Asia and the Unknown
Europeans believed they were at the center of the world
Disruption of Class Systems
increased trade brought new townspeople into the classes
These people affected the power structure of society.
3 social classes clergy, the nobility, and the peasants.
-the group or body of ordained persons in a religion, as distinguished from the laity.
Writers started movements toward new cultural and intellectual movements
Human intellect was a powerful force for change and improvement
Scholars went back to the works of Roman and Greek philosophers.
-any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, and dignity predominate.
Problems with Popes
Philip IV persuaded new pope to move his church for Rome to France causing conflict
Candidates eventually kicked both popes out and picked one new pope
-in the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the period from 1378 to 1417, when there were two, and later three, rival popes, each with his own following, his own Sacred College of Cardinals, and his own administrative offices.
-to accuse (a public official) before an appropriate tribunal of misconduct in office
1378-1417 two popes claimed leadership of the church
Indulgences were used to rebuild St.Peter's Basilica
Documented release of sins from the pope
Churches used them to raise money for themselves
-the act or practice of indulging; gratification of desire
-(in the belief of Roman Catholics and others) a condition or place in which the souls of those dying penitent are purified from venial sins, or undergo the temporal punishment that, after the guilt of mortal sin has been remitted, still remains to be endured by the sinner.
-the making of profit out of sacred things
-a person who supervises a number of local churches or a diocese, being in the Greek, Roman Catholic, Anglican, and other churches a member of the highest order of the ministry.
-the see, diocese, or office of a bishop
-the power of a bishop or cleric, especially the Pope, in secular matters
-patronage bestowed or favoritism shown on the basis of family relationship, as in business and politics
-Roman Catholic Church. a high ecclesiastic appointed by the pope to the College of Cardinals and ranking above every other ecclesiastic but the pope.
Clergies became corrupt due to noble families paying for bishoprics and then demanding their interests be served.
Cardinals and popes lived more like kings then spiritual leaders.
bishops held multiple offices
Why did Philip IV want the church moved to France?
What was the Unknown?
What did Magellan find in his explorations?
How could both popes claim leadership of one church?
What caused bishops and cardinals to live like kings?