The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Questions (Who was the…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Changes Affecting the Church
Disruption of the Class System
Three classes in Medieval Society
A new class came with the rise in trade.
Power structure in society was greatly influenced because of the shifts and changes in class.
Clergy- the body of all people ordained for religious duties, especially in the Christian Church.
Humanism, a cultural and intellectual movement, came about.
Greek and Roman philosophers and writers were looked upon in these times.
Humanism relied on the idea that human intellect was a powerful influence in change and improvement.
Humanism-an outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters. Humanist beliefs stress the potential value and goodness of human beings, emphasize common human needs, and seek solely rational ways of solving human problems.
Trade led to wealth increases. This then led to city growth.
Discoveries from explorers such as Columbus and Magellan caused Europeans to have to rethink this idea.
Europeans thought that they were in the middle of a small and compact world at first.
Complaints Affecting the Church
Problems with Popes
Misunderstandings between leadership of the churches resulted in two different people believing they were indeed the pope. Because of this, the pope's authority in the eyes of the people was compromised.
Papal Schism-a split within the Catholic Church that lasted from 1378 to 1417. Three men all claimed to be the true pope at the same time.
Impeach-call into question the integrity or validity of (a practice).
These caused people to essentially pay their way out of their punishments from sins by the pope.
Purgatory-(in Roman Catholic doctrine) a place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are expiating their sins before going to heaven.
Indulgence-(in the Roman Catholic Church) a grant by the Pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins after absolution. The unrestricted sale of indulgences by pardoners was a widespread abuse during the later Middle Ages.
Popes and Cardinals were being looked upon and treated as though they were kings and not spiritual leaders.
People became upset with the way that families could pay for bishoprics and then demand that their interests are served, as well as high taxes
Cardinals-a leading dignitary of the Roman Catholic Church. Cardinals are nominated by the Pope and form the Sacred College, which elects succeeding popes (now invariably from among their own number).
Temporal Power-the power of a bishop or cleric, especially the Pope, in secular matters.
Bishop-a senior member of the Christian clergy, typically in charge of a diocese and empowered to confer holy orders.
Simony-the buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges, for example pardons or benefices.
Bishopric-the office or rank of a bishop.
Nepotism-the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.
Who was the decider in the Papal Schism?
If indulgences were banned in one town, could they still be used in another town by another priest?
How was the Papal Schism solved?
Are indulgences still in use today by the Catholic church or any other sections of Christianity?
How was Martin Luther able to create a following against the Catholic church?