The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Complaints Against the Church…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Complaints Against the Church
Problems with Popes
Successor Urban VI ruled Rome and was impeached
Urban continued to act like a Pope and take control
Papal Schism: two popes claiming leadership of the church
Impeached: to bring accusation against, and take away power.
1417 council kicked everyone out and reinstated papacy in Rome, people's faith in Pope diminished
Indulgences were first sold to those that did not fight in the crusades as a way for them support the non fighters.
Indulgences were used to rebuild the St. Peter Basilica
Indulgence: document that offered release from punishment due to sins, supposedly granted after a person's sins had been forgiven by a priest
Purgatory: state after death where God decides if you are fit for heaven
Church used indulgences to raise money
Popes claimed temporal power: commanded armies, made alliances and enemies, even waged war
Popes and cardinals lived more like kings than spiritual leaders
Noble families paid for bishoprics, and Bishops charged high taxes
Participated in simony and nepotism
Cardinals: high official in Roman Catholic church, ranked right below the Pope and assists him
Temporal power: Political power
Simony: favoritism based on family relationships
Changes Affecting the Church
Disruption of Class System
Clergy: a group of ordained to perform pastoral functions in a Christian church.
Three classes: the clergy, the nobility, the peasants
Increase in trade led to a new higher class
The wealthier became more powerful in the structure of society
Humanism: new cultural and intellectual movement
Centered on human intellect as a force for change and improvement
Used the works of Greek and Roman philosophers and writers
Renaissance swept across Europe
Trade simulated exploration to increase wealth
Columbus, Magellan, and others forced exploration to find new places
Europeans believed there was only 3 continents; Europe, Africa, and Asia
How many Popes have there beenM
Were the majority of people clergy, nobility, or peasants?
What started the Recessions?