The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Questions (Why did…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Why did exploration become such an interest at this time and how did it affect the civilizations?
Why were wealthy families being let into the clergy if the only thing they had was money?
Which of the two popes during the Papal Schism had more public support? Why?
Given some of the unfair things going on under the rule of the Catholic Church, why were there not many riots or protests?
How did members of the Catholic Church against indulgences fight them?
The "Unknown" became discovered.
The Earth was no longer believed to be the center of the universe.
Trade was stimulated due to exploration.
Disruption of Class System
With trade, townspeople became more wealthy.
Commoner's wealth led to a higher number of upper class citizens.
Medieval classes had previously divided into three categories.
Clergy-people ordained for religious duties.
Humanism-the belief that intellect was a powerful source of power and improvement.
The spirit of the Renaissance made its way across Europe.
Scholars reached back to ancient Greek and Roman writings
This movement pushed to emphasize the importance of the human intellect.
Cardinal-senior ecclesiastical leader of the church.
Temporal Power-the power of a bishop or a cleric in secular matters.
Bishop-senior member of a christian clergy.
Simony-the buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges.
Bishopric-the office or rank of a bishop.
Nepotism-favoring relatives or friends while in positions of power.
Clergy became corrupt as wealthy families paid for bishoprics.
People upset by high taxes set by bishops.
Popes and Cardinals lived like kings instead of spiritual leaders.
Pope in France and Pope in Rome disagreed on many things.
A council agreed o a pope in Rome and kicked out the other two.
Two popes claimed leadership of the church at the same time.
Papal Schism-a split withing the Catholic church that led to two popes at the same time.
Impeached-call into question the integrity or validity of something.
Indulgences were used to support the church financially.
Indulgences were first used during the crusades.
Purgatory-The intermediate state after death in which one must wait before going to heaven or hell.
Indulgence-a document that offered release from punishment for sins.
The church told people that if they payed the indulgence, they would be free from punishment in purgatory.