Catholic Church Changes and Complaints (Questions (When did the practices…
Catholic Church Changes and Complaints
The church's connection with politics made clergy corrupt.
Clergy would be payed by nobles to have their interests focused on.
The office of a bishop, or the diocese.
Bishop: A member of the church in control of a dioceses.
People disliked the high taxes created by the church.
Popes and Cardinals lived lavish lives.
Popes had too much temporal power.
Temporal Power: Power in the physical world (political power in this context.
Cardinals: The second most powerful position in the Catholic church (behind the Pope.)
Simony and Nepotism became rampant.
Simony: The selling of church offices.
Nepotism: Favoring people with family relationships for jobs or positions.
Problems with Popes:
The Papal Schism (A period from 1378-1417 when two Popes claimed leadership of the Church) occurred.
Urban VI was impeached, but continued to rule from Rome while a new Pope was elected who ruled from France.
In 1417, a compromise Pope was agreed upon who continued the papacy in Rome while the other two Popes were impeached.
This led to people's faith in the Pope to be diminished.
Impeached: Being fired from a public office.
Indulgences: A document offering release from punishment due to sin.
Originally created in the Crusades so those who didn't fight could support those who did.
In the Reformation they were used by the Church to raise money.
Using indulgences to build Saint Peter's Basilica is what led to Martin Luther creating the Lutheran church.
Purgatory: A place in the Catholic religion where souls go to atone for their sins before reaching heaven.
Europeans believed they were the center of the world.
Explorers such as Columbus and Magellan forced a change in views.
Trade caused by exploration increased wealth , created the merchant class, and grew cities.
Disruption of Class System
Medieval Society used to be based on the classes of clergy, nobility, and peasants.
The increase in trade led to a class of townspeople eager to work in business and create personal wealth.
Clergy: Ordained members of a Christian church.
A way of life focused on human interest and values.
Scholars began looking back at the work of Greek and Roman philosophers.
This lead to the humanism movement.
When did the practices of Simony and Nepotism end, and what caused this end?
What sort of lasting impact did the merchant class have?
How long did the practice of Indulgences last?
What sort of impact (positive or negative) did the Pope's temporal power have on society?
What lasting impact did Humanism have on Christianity?