The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Vocabulary (Simony-the buying…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Complaints Against the Church
Had both Spiritual and Political power
Popes lived as kings
Nobility bribed to serve their intrests
Problems with Popes
Church eventually got rid of them, and replaced
People had lost faith in the pope
2 popes claimed they were the one and only
Pardon for sins
First sold in Crusades
Way to raise money
Changes Affecting the Church
Disruption of the Class System
new class, merchants
some merchants became very wealthy and powerful
clergy, nobility, peasants
Create new movement in culture and intelligence
believed intellect was powerful force for change
Renaissance scholars look back at Roman& Greek Literature
Columbus, Magellan discoveries change 3 continent idea
Led to growth in cities
Origionally three continents Europe, Asia, Africa
Bishopric-a district under a bishop's control; a diocese.
Cardinals-a leading dignitary of the Roman Catholic Church. Cardinals are nominated by the Pope and form the Sacred College, which elects succeeding popes (now invariably from among their own number).
Bishop-a senior member of the Christian clergy, typically in charge of a diocese and empowered to confer holy orders.
Temporal power-the power of a bishop or cleric, especially the Pope, in secular matters.
Papal Schism-a split within the Catholic Church
Simony-the buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges, for example pardons or benefices.
Impeached-charge (the holder of a public office) with misconduct
Nepotism-the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.
Indulgence-a grant by the Pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins after absolution. The unrestricted sale of indulgences by pardoners was a widespread abuse during the later Middle Ages.
Humanism-a Renaissance cultural movement that turned away from medieval scholasticism and revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman thought.
Purgatory-having the quality of cleansing or purifying.
How could the bishops hold more than one office at a time?
Why didn't the people overthrow the pope if they knew he was corrupt?
Why did humanism occur earlier?
How were indulgences ever allowed?
Where did the merchant class fit?