The Catholic Church Changes and Complaints (Definitions: (Temporal Power:…
The Catholic Church Changes and Complaints
The wealth brought in from these areas led to increase in city growth, and out came a new class of merchants
More continents were discovered changing the beliefs about how the Earth was shaped
The exploration of Magellan and company forced them to change the way they thought of themselves
The acquired riches gave them influence that greatly affected their society
Business and personal wealth spread throughout Europe
Increase of trade led to a new class of townspeople eager to capitalize on oppurtunity
Spirit of Renaissance swept through Europe
Humanism was described as empowering the people's intellect and using that for a "greater" good
Scholars reached back into the likes of the Greeks and Romans to start the humanism movement
What type of power did the popes end up having?
How was the pope brought into power?
How successful was the new class of people from the foreign resources?
What did Pope need to have for credentials to become a pope?
Was corruption a frequent thing amongst European leaders?
Indulgences were one way in which the Church sought to raise money to support itself
The common person wanted to hear that he could confess his sins, pay some money, and be free from suffering in purgatory.
Indulgences were first sold during the Crusades, as a way for those who did not go to fight themselves to support those who did
Problems with Popes
Battle between the "two" popes led to corruption by the people for not knowing what to believe
Inconsistency lead to decrease in faith by the people
From 1378-1417 two popes claimed leadership of the Church
People were upset by the high taxes charged by the bishops to support the Pope and his projects
Popes and Cardinals often lived more like kings than spiritual leaders
Clergy had become corrupt as noble families paid for bishoprics and then demanded that their interests be served
Clergy: the body of all people ordained for religious duties, especially in the Christian Church.
Humanism: an outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters. Humanist beliefs stress the potential value and goodness of human beings, emphasize common human needs, and seek solely rational ways of solving human problems.
Bishop: a senior member of the Christian clergy, typically in charge of a diocese and empowered to confer holy orders.
Bishoporic: the office or rank of a bishop.
Cardinals: a leading dignitary of the Roman Catholic Church. Cardinals are nominated by the Pope and form the Sacred College, which elects succeeding popes
Temporal Power: the power of a bishop or cleric, especially the Pope, in secular matters
Simony: the buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges, for example pardons or benefices
Nepotism: the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs
Papal Schism: a split within the Catholic Church which lasted from 1378 to 1417
Impeached: call into question the integrity or validity
Purgatory: a place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are expiating their sins before going to heaven.