The Catholic Church:Changes and Complaints (Questions (Why did the…
The Catholic Church:Changes and Complaints
Problems with Pope
Pope urban was pope in Rome.
1417 a council decided to keep the pope in Rome.
Two popes claimed leadership to the church.
They were used to rebuild St. Peters Basilica.
People really liked this so they could live a life free of purgatory.
They used indulgences to raise money for the church.
Popes lived like Kings, demanding armies and made political alliances.
Simony and Nepotism were very common
Clergy people paid church to have their interests served.
Bishopric-rank of a bishop
Cardinals-the prince of a church
Bishop-A senior member of the christian clergy.
Temporal Power-power of a bishop
Simony-the buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges
Nepotism-the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends
Papal Schism-more than one man claiming the pope.
Impeached-To be kicked out of a position.
Indulgence-a grant by the Pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins after absolution.
Purgatory-a place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are expiating their sins before going to heaven
Disruption of Class Sytem
Increased trade caused different people to be more influential in society.
It also spread wealth around.
Medieval society was compromised of 3 classes. Clergy, Nobilty, and peasants.
Scholars reached back to study the works of Greek and Roman philosophers to study humanism.
The renaissance caused scholars to look back.
Philosophy was centered around humanism.
Exploration caused Europeans to change thinking and also increased wealth.
Europeans believed they were center of the world.
Explorers proved them otherwise.
Clergy-the body of all people ordained for religious duties, especially in the Christian Church
Humanism-an outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters.
Why did the scholars want to look back at humanism?
Why didn't the people stand up to the popes and cardinals to make them have less power?
What did they call the class that arose from trade?
Who came up with the idea of indulgences?
What pope did most people follow?