The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Questions (Why would the…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Changes affecting the Church
Disruptions of Class System
Trade increased, new role of townspeople for personal businesses
Increase in riches meant more influence on power
3 classes clergy, nobility, peasents
Vocabulary: Clergy: the body of all people ordained for religious duties
Scholars went back to Roman and Greek philosophers
Went back for more intellect and culture to create humanism
Vocabulary: Humanism: Philosophy centered on human intellect for powerful force on change and improvements
Philosophy centered on human intellect was a powerful force
Columbus, Magellan and others forced reexamine of where they were
Trade meant increase in wealth
Before now, thought they were center of the Earth
Complaints against the Church
Bishops were corrupt noble men, held more than one office, often went to the highest bidder.
Bishopric: Office rank of a bishop
Vocab: Bishop: member of the Christian clergy
Popes and Cardinal lived as kings, commanded armies, made alliances, and sometimes engaged in war
Vocab: Cardinals: Leading dignitary in the Roman Church
Temporal power: the power of a bishop or clergy
Church and politics were inseparable
Vocab: Simony: The buying and selling of privelages
Nepotism: The practice of those in power hiring friends and family for positions
Problems with the Popes
Urban VI impeached for moddiness, after impeachment was the Pope in Rome
1417 council established, people had an impact on the diminishing pope power
Vocab: Impeached: call to question integrity or validity of a practice
1378-1417 two popes led the Church, Phillip IV of France
Vocab: Papal Schism: split in the Catholic church, two men were the so called Pope
They built St. Peters Bisilica of indulgence money
The average person wanted to hear that it could free you from your sins
Vocab: Indulgence: Temporary free of punishment from sin
Indulgences were ways the church raised money to support itself, indulgence papers meant a way you could pay of sin, sold to the Crusaders first
Vocab: Purgatory: a place of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are expiating their sins before going to heaven
Why would the Catholic church allow their to be two popes at one time?
How did someone qualify to be a bishop?
Did the bishops pay the same amount of taxes or not?
Since their was a new class in the townspeople, were there any clashes in class or no?
Who started the idea of indulgences?