The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Questions (How did the poor…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
The discoveries of European explorers changed the way of life for Europeans and caused many to reevaluate their place among the population.
Placing importance on bettering yourself and placing humanity before religion.
Scholars returned back to studying ancient Greek and Roman philosophers which sparked interest in the betterment of the human intellect to improve society.
Disruption of Class System
People ordained for religious duties in the Christian Church
The increase of trade stimulated the economy while growing cities and creating a new class of wealthy merchants that had the power to influence society.
A senior member of the Christian clergy.
A leading dignitary of the Roman Catholic Church.
Office or rank of bishop.
The power of a bishop or clergy.
Buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges, for example pardons or benefices.
Those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.
The close ties between the church and government led to corruption. The corruption entailed special interests which were bought by the rich to help them. Ultimately this led to high taxes and unrest.
Problems with Popes
From 1378-1417, two popes claimed leadership of the Church.
Remove a person from power.
Two popes claimed power from 1378-1417 which led to many problems. Phillip IV convinced one to move the Catholic HQ to France. Each declared that the other's orders were false and that their own were true. In 1417 a council decided that Rome would be the official HQ but the authority and respect of the pope had diminished.
A remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven, which the faithful Christian who is duly disposed gains under certain prescribed conditions through the action of the Church
A place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are expiating their sins before going to heaven.
Indulgences started out as a way to raise money for the church that forgave people of their sins, however, it led to corruption in the church. Many debunked the indulgence and said that they alone did not forgive sins.
How did the poor feel about indulgences?
Did the Papal Schism tear the Catholic community indefinitely?
Was the Catholic church opposed to exploration once people shifted their focus to the new world?
What were Phillip IV motives for moving the pope to France?
What did the church use the indulgence money for?