Alyssa romo 2nd period Aztec& Inca
Alyssa romo 2nd period Aztec& Inca
Connected to the mainland by causeway .
In 1500, one of the largest cities in the world.
Easy to defeat enemies.
Created in center of lake.
Full of beautiful buildings -pyramids,ball courts , and houses
Fall of inca
Spanish messengers invited at hula palace to a meeting. He agreed &I left most of his army behind he only brought 5,000 body guards. Pizzaros 160 soilders attacked the inca and kidnaped atahulapa. Pizzaro to free atahulapa if he filled one room with gold and one with silver. Atahulapa kept his end of the bargain, but pizzaro killed him in 1533
Pizzaro led 160 soilders to the Incan home land. I can emporor, atahu alpha, tought pizzaro was crazy--how could he stand up to an army of 80,000 Incan warriors? Pizzaro came up with a plan to defeat the Incan.
Inca tought they ruled most of the world; two threats from the north proved that's they didn't . They couldn't stop the spread of small pox. They couldn't scare pizzaro away.
Francisco pizzaro fled a Joplin herding pigs in Italy. Arrived in the americas and became very wealthy by exploring panama, herd a rumour that there was a great empire filled with gold .
Spanish king made pizzaro the govner of Peru. Pizzaros conquest of Peru opened most of South America to Spanish rule. Spain controlled vast territory with almost 7million inhabitants
FALL OF THE AZTEC EMPIRE--
Malintzia (a mayan women)gave cortes the inside scoop on the aztec empire and helped him from alliences against Monte zuma. Mainly the deaseses killed the native ameicans.
Montezuma believed Cortes to be a god becasue of all the stuff they had. Montezuma did not attack right away they were able to take control of the city and took montezuma hostage.
Arrived in Mexico with 550 soilders,16 horses,14canons and a few dogs. Group was met by Aztec emporor.
The soilders,explorers who settled in the americas in hopes of finding treasures many came from the part of Spain called extremadura.
Fighting broke out and montezuma was killed. The Spanish were out numbered so they fled the city. Before they could prepare a 2nd attack, small pox broke out on Tenochitlan and greatly weakened the large Aztec empire.i. In 1521 the Spanish destroyed the Aztec capital.
How it was built~ used brick and rocks clay and mud to build homes and etc . Mostly used stones
Structures ~ built on mountains. Temples. A ubiquitous was a room that had been used for community gatherings. It was well ventilated.
Fountains ~ long fountains that leads hundreds of feet long. Could've been turned on in one motion.
The purpose of Manchu pitchu is a retreat for the emporor. It was near water and had many many ways to escape.
The Aztec men wore long capes and loin clothes.The women wore long skirts and blouses.
It was the responsibility for the women to make the clothing.Poor people usually made thier own clothing.
One of the main meals they cooked was called pozole,which was a meal of soup,corn,and vegtables.and they made these things called tamales.
There main drinlk. were this chocolate drink and water
Other than that they ate a variety of foods like,insects ,fish,honey,dogs,and snakes.They mainly used coa coa beans to make chocolate.
They had a simple diet, they ate maize(its like corn).They ground the maize into the flour to make a tortilla.
Some historians believed this was preparation for war .
They also played a game called patoli.
Some people didn't know weather the winners or losers got sacreficed.
all they did was move the dice around like a regular board game.
They played a game called the rubber ball game .The players had to pass the ball using thier knees,heads,hips and other body parts.
Inca culture --
A large cloak worn over the shoulders with two corners tied in front.
Women wore a one piece dress that's combined a skirt and blouse, reaching to the ankles and bound at the waist by a long, wide woven,and ornamental sash.
At the top,it reached to the neck, the upper edges fastened together over the shoulders by long pins and passing under the arms at the sides.
They both used different type of paint on face and body . During war they used war paint. On each special ceremonial occasional occasions they wore face paint.
Man usually wore a sleeve less tunic, generally made from a broad piece of cloth doubled and sewn together along the edges, the bottom being left open was also worn.
They drunk water and other types of drinks like
They also ate llama,pigs, Guinea pigs, alpacas,and dried fish.
They farmed maiez, coca,beans,,grains,potatoes,and many more.