Scott Calderon Aztec and Incas
Aztec and Incas
layout of city
~5 square feet
~Divided into 20 districts
how they expanded the city
~The military was large and strong
~Had lots of resources
~Built islands near swampy areas to grow crops called chinampa.
~They had temples.
~Templo Mayor was a important building in the city.It was very sacred .
How it was Built
~Bricks were used to build homes and etc.
~Slaves didn't actually build Tenochtitlan!
~ Had many excellent builders and their agricultural was amazing.
~Long fountains that lasted hundreds of feet long!
~ Could've been turned on and off in one motion
~Munchu Pichus' purpose was for a retreat for the emperor.
~It was near water and had many, many ways to escape from.
~Built on a mountain
~A ubiquitous was a room that had been used for community gatherings. It was well ventilated
How it was built
~Used bricks/rocks, clay, and mud to build homes and etc. Mostly used stones
~Avocados, tomatoes, tamales, tortillas, vegetables, meat, corn, chili peppers, squash, and chocolate were also food made.
~perhaps most valued food is choclate
~Also eaten were fish , insects,snakes,honey, and even dogs!
~Don't eat a lot of meat.
~Diet based on maize(Something similar to corn)
~They study mythology in their religion
~One of most ancient religions
~Gods were their messiahs.
~Had 13 gods to worship
~Mother's would cook and made clothing.
~Children went to school or helped around the house.
~Father's were rather farmers, warriors, or craftsman
~Elderly were respected and taken care of.
~Family structure was important in their cutler.
~Used geometrical shapes.
~The checkerboard pattern was very popular.
~Did metalwork as art.
~They had produced textiles, ceramics, and metal sculptures in the time of their days.
~Created their own style of art.
~Used poetry in their state as tax because if what it represented.
~Used water or even
during their religious ceremonies
~Offered gods drinks,food, and precious materials. Sacrificing both animals and humans... children included. It was good to be sacrificed to insure the health of the emperor.
~Believed in many gods
~Imposed their religion on population too
~Scared places taken for religious reasons because of its natural features
~Main language called Quechua
~Mixed with Spanish and English.
~Used knots and strings to compunicate
~Still lives on but is loosing speakers.
~No actual writing from of their language.
Fall of Aztecs
~From Crown of Castile
~Money and spreading religion.
~Cortes arranged all of the Aztecs enimies
~After the first attacks small pox broke out.
~Took the emperor and ordered the people to fill one room with silver and another with gold.
~Disease killed most of the soldiers and people.
~ Believed that Cortes was a god named Quetzalcouat which was sent to destroy his kingdom
~He died from small pox
Fall of Incas
~He was killed in an Assassination.
~Took the emperor and ordered the people to fill one room with silver and another with gold. He never got released but killed even though he kept the end of his Barron.
~Atahualpa thought Pizarro was crazy to take on 800,000 soldiers.
~Pizarro's conquest opened up most of South America
~Disease was a small factor
~Pizarro kidnapped him
~Killed him in 1533
~Used to transport everything from goods to people.
~Made it easy and organized to go throughout the city.
~Acted like water walkways
~Allowed them to hunt and etc.
~Because the city was built on a lake they had to use canals to travel.
~ The Great Pyramid of Cholula was the largest pyramid in volume in the entire world.
~The Aztec temples are major religious destinations for people.
~The Pyramids of the Sun and Moon were the pyramids that represent the gods of sun and moon.
~Xochicalco is a pyramid that had been a city that the Aztecs used and conquered.
~Templo Mayor was a important building in the city.It was very sacred. It represented their god(s)
~Doesn't look like normal fountains you would find at the park or somewhere.
~Could be turned off and on
~Went through mountains
~Hundreds of feet long
~Walls to hold up the dirt was made up of dirt, gravel and sand
~Would withstand earthquakes.
~Used mostly because lived in mountians
~Soil is rich.
~Terracing is a form of farming thata piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms