The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Humanism (Instigated a new…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Disruption of Class System
Recently acquired riches gave them influence that greatly affected the power structure of society.
Townspeople eager to capitalize on the opportunities for business and personal wealth.
There are three classes: The clergy, the nobility, and the peasants.
Increased wealth from many and led growth of cities and a new class of merchants.
Believed in themselves to be at the center of a small, compact world comprised o the three known continents of (Europe, Africa, and Asia.)
Exploration of Columbus, Magellan, and other forced Europeans to reexamine thier new places.
Instigated a new cultural and intellectual movement known as humanism.
The human intellect was a powerful force for change and improvement in the world.
Scholars reached back to the works of Greek and Roman philosophers and writers .
People were also upset by the high taxes charged by the bishops to support the Pope and his projects.
Popes and Cardinals often lived more like kings then spiritual leaders.
Many bishoprics held more than demanded that their interests be served.
They commanded armies, made political alliances and enemies, and sometimes, even waged war.
Problems with Popes
The French kept having all there Popes go to Rome instead of staying with them they always left them for Rome.
Many people's faith in the popes authority ha diminished.
Two Popes claimed leadership of the Church.
Offered release from punishment due to sins, supposedly granted after a persons sins had been forgiven of sin.
This, though, is what the common person wanted to hear: that he could confess his sins, pay some money, and be free form suffering in purgatory.
The Church sought to raise money to support itself.
Indulgence-Temporal punishment in purgatory still due from sins after absolution.
Purgatory-A state or place of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners.
Clergy-The body of all people ordained from religious duties, especially in the Christian Church.
Bishopric-The office or rank of a bishop.
Bishop-Ordained holy orders and is responsible for teaching doctrine.
Humanism-Ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively.