The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Questions (What would the…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Changes Affecting the Church
Disruption of Class System
before the spike in trade there were only three medieval society; the clergy, the nobility and the peasants.
A new class of townspeople rose to take the new business opportunities and gain personal wealth.
Their new money gave them the power to change the class system and power structure of society.
- the group or body of ordained persons in a religion, as distinguished from the laity.
The scholars started the Humanism movement.
Scholars looked back to the works of Roman and Greek writers and philosophers.
The philosophy that human intellect and and the power of it was centered.
- a Renaissance intellectual
movement in which thinkers studied classical
texts and focused on human potential and achievements.
Europeans believed that they were the center of everything because all they knew where the three continents around them
The discoveries from Columbus's and all the others forced Europeans to reevaluate their place in a world bigger than they had thought.
The exploration stimulated trade which led to increased wealth and the growth of cities and merchants.
Complaints Against the Church
The indulgences were that someone could confess his sins, pay some money, and be free from suffering in purgatory.
- (in Roman Catholic doctrine) a place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are expiating their sins before going to heaven.
-(in the Roman Catholic Church) a grant by the Pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins after absolution.
Indulgences were a common way for the Church to raise money and were used to rebuild St. Peter's Basilica.
Indulgences were first sold during the Crusades, as a way for those who did not go to fight themselves to support those who did.
Popes commanded armies, made political alliances and enemies, and sometimes, even waged war.
Popes and Cardinals lived more like kings than religious figures.
Many clergy became corrupt when wealthy families paid them and demanded their interests be paid.
Roman Catholic Church. a high ecclesiastic appointed by the pope to the College of Cardinals and ranking above every other ecclesiastic but the pope.
the power of a bishop or cleric, especially the Pope, in secular matters.
the see, diocese, or office of a bishop.
the making of profit out of sacred things.
-a person who supervises a number of local churches or a diocese, being in the Greek, Roman Catholic, Anglican, and other churches a member of the highest order of the ministry.
patronage bestowed or favoritism shown on the basis of family relationship.
Problems with Pope
Many people's faith in the pope's authority had faded.
- a period of division in the Roman Catholic Church, 1378–1417, over papal succession, during which there were two, or sometimes three, claimants to the papal office.
- to call in question; cast an imputation upon.
The French ruling family chose another pope who again moved to France. In 1417, a council agreed on a compromise candidate, kicked out the others, and reinstated the papacy in Rome.
Two popes claimed leadership of the church.
What would the Catholic church and christian faith be like today if Martin Luther wasn't protected and able to translate the Bible from Latin to German?
Why did they allow two popes to claim power in the first place? Did anyone try to say something?
As men of God, how did the clergy men allow themselves to become so corrupt ?
Would today's society be affected if Humanism wasn't adapted in medieval times?
Would there be parts of history in this article that would not have happened without the expansion of trade?